Exploring the possibility of co-operation between higher education and industries in Malaysia


  • Ramesh Sathappan (Department of Languages, Institut Pendidikan Guru Temenggong Ibrahim, Malaysia)




Co-operation, Higher Education


This case study attempts to explore the posibility of co-operation between Higher Education and Industries in Malaysia. It highlights on the need, importance and the problems faced by both the entities in co-operation and collaboration. Qualitative approach was used in this study. The interviews are semi-structured and are used to generate data from university deans, collage principals, company managers and chief executive officers (CEO). The issues of suitability and reliability as well as the process of sampling, administration and analysis of the instrument of data collection are discussed. In the course of the analysis and discussion, it compares the respective contribution made by the Universities and the Industries in the field of Research and Development (R&D). Moreover, it provides suggestions to improve linkages for joint-ventures and concludes that the Universities and Industries must play complementary roles for mutual benefits in terms of knowledge dissemination and innovation. It also presents the views of the different researchers on the subject and considers the merits of the various types of co-operation suggested for the universities to keep pace with the global trend in upgrading their courses in Science and Technology.

Keyword: Co-operation, Higher Education, Industries


Download data is not yet available.


[1] Acs, Z.J., Audretsch, D.B. & Feldman, M.P. (1994). R&D spillovers and innovative activity. Manag Decis Econ, Vol 15, 131-138.
[2] Atkinson, R.C. & Blanpied, W.A. (2008). Research Universities: Core of the U.S. Science and Technology System. Technology in Society, 30(1), 30-48.
[3] Arundel, A. & Geuna, A. (2004). Proximity and the use of public science by innovative European firms. Economics of Innovative New Technology, 36(6):559-580.
[4] Barrett, D, Austin, J.E. & Mccarthy, S. (2000). Cross sector collaboration: Lessons from the international trachoma initiative In: REICH, M. (ed.) Public-private partnerships for public health. Harvard University Press.
[5] Bekkers, R. & Freitas, I. (2008). Analysing knowledge transfer channels between universities and industry: To what degree do sectors also matter?. Research Policy 37, 1837-1853.
[6] Bettis,R & Hitt, M. (1995). The new competitive landscape. Strategic Management Journal 16, 719.
[7] Beise, M. & Stahl, H. (1999). Public research and industrial innovations in Germany. Res Policy, 28, 397-422.
[8] Binns, R. & Driscoll, B. (1998). Intellectual property issues in R&D contracts. PSST, 1(3).
[9] Blumenthal, D. (2003). Academic–Industrial Relationships in the Life Sciences. The New England Journal of Medicine 349, 2452-2459.
[10] Bogdan, R. C. & Biklen, K. S. (2003). Qualitative Research for Education. An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
[11] Bower, D.J. (1993). Successful joint ventures in Science Parks. Long Range Planning, 6.
[12] Brundeus, C., Lundvall, B.A. & Sutz, J. (2009). The role of universities in innovation systems in developing countries: Developmental university systems-empirical, analytical and normative perspectives. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
[13] Bruneel, J., D’Este, J. & Salter, A. (2010). Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university-industry. Research Policy, 39, 858-868.
[14] Bryman, A. (2004). Social Research Methods. New York: Oxford University Press.
[15] Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory. London: Sage Publications.
[16] Cheng, M.Y. (2011). University technology transfer after commercialization: The case of multimedia University, Malaysia. In Poh Kam Wong (Ed), Academic Entrepreneurship in Asia: The role and impact of universities in national innovation systems. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
[17] Cohen, W.M. & Levinthal, D.A. (1989). Innovation and learning: The two faces of R&D. Journal Of Economics , 99, 569-596.
[18] Cohen, L. Manion, L. & Morrison K. (2000). Research Methods in Education. London: Routledge Falmer.
[19] Corbetta, P. (2003). Social Research Theory, Methods and Techniques. London: SAGE Publications.
[20] Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and Research Design. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
[21] Cricelli, L. & Grimaldi, M. (2010). Knowledge-based inter-organizational collaborations. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14, 348 - 358
[22] Cronbach, L.J. (1982). Case study research and framework. New York: Random House.
[23] David, M. & Sutton C.D. (2004). Social Research the Basics. London: SAGE Publications.

[24] Denzin, N. K. (2005). The Research Act. New York: McGraw– Hill Book Company.
[25] Denzin, N. K., Lincoln Y. S. (2000): Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications.
[26] Dess, G. G. & Shaw, J. D. (2001). Voluntary Turnover, Social Capital, and Organizational Performance. Academy of Management Review, 26, 446-456.
[27] Etzkowitz, H. & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: From National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. Res Policy, 29, 109-123.
[28] Flick, U. (1998). An Introduction to Qualitative Research. Sage Publication.
[29] Fraenkel, J. R. & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw- Hill.
[30] Freeman, C. (1987). Technology policy and economic performance: The theory and application to the semiconductor industry. London: Macmillian.
[31] Gertner D., Roberts, J. & Charles, D. (2011). University-industry collaboration: a CoPs approach to KTPs. Journal of Knowledge Management, 05, 625 - 647.
[32] Giuliani, E. & Arza, V. (2009). What drives the formation of 'valuable' university-industry linkages?: Insights from the wine industry. Research Policy, 38, 906-921.
[33] Glaser, B. G. & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine.
[34] Gray, D. E. (2004). Doing Research in the Real World. London: SAGE Publications.
[35] Hoyle, R. H., Harris, M. J. & Judd, C. M. (2002). Research Methods in Social Relations. London: Thomson Learning, Inc.
[36] Guba, E. G. & Lincoln, Y. S. (1989). Fourth generation evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
[37] Hagedoom, J., Link, A. & Vanortas, N. (2000). Research partnerships. Res Policy, 29: 567-586.
[38] Hargen, R. (2002). Globalisation, university transformation and economic regeneration: A UK case study of public/private sector partnership. The International Journal of Public Sector Management, 15, 204-218.
[39] Harvey, M. & Tether, B. S. (2003). Analysing distributed processes of provision and innovation. Industrial & Corporate Change, 12, 1125–1155.
[40] Janesick, V. J. (1998). The Dance of Qualitative Research Design: Metaphor, Methodolatry, and Meaning. In: Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S., Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry.
[41] Kajornboon, A. B. (2004) Creating Useful Knowledge: A Case Study of Policy Development in E-learning at Chulalongkorn University Language Institute. Dissertation. University of Melbourne: Australia.
[42] Kvale, D. (1996). Interviews. London: SAGE Publications.
[43] Ladislav, C. (1985). Collaboration between higher education and industry: An overview. European Journal of Education, 20(1), 7-18.
[44] Lai. W.H. (2011). Willingness to engage in technology transfer in industry-university collaborations. Journal of Business Research, 64, 1218-1223.
[45] Lee, J. & Win, H. N. (2004). Technology transfer between university research centers and industry in Singapore. Technovation, 24, 433-442.
[46] Lehrer, M., Nell, P. & Garber, L. (2009). A national systems view of university entrepreneurialism: Inferences from comparison of the German and US experience. Research Policy, 38, 268-280.
[47] Leydesdorff, L. & Etzkowitz. (1996). Emergence of triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Sci Public Policy, 23, 279-286.
[48] Lind, F., Styhre, A. & Aaboen, L. (2013). Exploring university-industry collaboration in research centres. European Journal of Innovation Management, 16(1), 70-91.
[49] Lundvall, B.A. (1992). National system of innovation and interactive learning. London: Pinter Publishers.
[50] Marotta, D., Mark, M., Blom, A & Thorn, K. (2007). Human capital and university-industry linkages’ role in fostering firm innovation: An empirical study of Chile and Colombia. Policy Research Working Paper 4443, The World Bank, Washington, DC. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/7558/wps4443.pdf?sequence=1
[51] McMillan, J. H. & Schumacher, S. (1984). Research in education. Boston, MA: Little,b Brown.
[52] Mesec, B. (1998). Introduction to Qualitative Research in Social field. Ljubljana: Pearson Education.
[53] Meyer-Khramer, F. & Schmoch, S. (1998). Science-based technologies: university–industry interactions in four fields Research Policy, 27, 835-851.
[54] Morphew, C.C. (2003). Research Universities: In James W. Guthrie (Ed), Encyclopedia of Education, 2nd ed., USA: Gale.
[55] Nelson, R.R. (1993). National innovation systems: A comparative analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
[56] Oliver, A. L. (2004). On the duality of competition and collaboration: network-based knowledge relations in the biotechnology industry. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 20, 151-171.
[57] Patton, M. Q. (2000). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Method. London: SAGE Publications.
[58] Perkmann, M., Tartari, V., McKelvey, M., Autio, E., Broström, A., D’Este, P., ... & Krabel, S. (2013). Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations. Research policy, 42(2), 423-442.
[59] Philbin, S. (2008). Process model for university-industry research collaboration European Journal of Innovation Management, 11, 488-521.
[60] Plewa, C. et al. (2013). The evolution of university-industry linkages-A framework. Journal of Engineering Technology Management, 30, 21-44.
[61] Powers, J. B. (2003). Commercialising academic research: Resource effects on performance of university technology transfer. The Journal of Higher Education, Columbus, 74 26-47.
[62] Rasaiah, R & Govindaraju, C. (2009). University-industry R&D Collaboration in the automative, biotechnology and electronics firms in Malaysia. 7th Globelics Conference organized by UNU-MERIT, Dakar, 6-8 October 2009.
[63] Rogers, E.M., Yin, J. & Hoffmann, J. (2000). Assessing the effectiveness of technology transfer offices at U.S. Research universities. Association of University Technology Managers.
[64] Salter, A.J. & Martin, B. R. (2001). The economic benefits of publicly funded research: A critical review. Res Policy, 30: 509-539.
[65] Shapira, P. et al. (2006). Knowledge economy measurement: Methods, results and insights from the Malaysian Knowledge Context Study. Research Policy, 5(10), 1522-1537.
[66] Siegel, D., Waldman, D. & Link, A. (2003a). Assessing the impact of organizational practices on the relative productivity of university technology transfer offices: an exploratory study. Research Policy, 32, 27-48.
[67] Stake R. (2005). Qualitative Case Studies in Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.) The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks/London/New Delhi. Sage Publications.
[68] Sveiby, K.E. & Simaons, R. (2002). Collaborative climate and effectiveness of knowledge work: An empirical study. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 420-433.
[69] Thursby, J.G. & Thursby, M.C. (2000). Who is selling the ivory tower? Source of growth in university licencing . NBER Working Papers 7718, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
[70] Wee Ka Siong (2016, June 21). Yet another milestone for TAR UC. The Star.
[71] Wong, P.K., Ho, Y.P. & Singh, A. (2011). Contribution of universities to national innovation systems in Asia: Technology commercialization and academic entrepreneurship. In Poh Kam Wong (Ed) Academic entrepreneurship in Asia: The role and impact of universities in national innovation systems. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
[72] Woolgar, L. (2007). New institutional policies for university-industry links in Japan. Research Policy 36, 1261-1274.
[73] Wright, M., Clarrysseb, B., Lockett, A. & Knockaertd, M. (2008). Mid-range universities’ linkages with industry: Knowledge types and the role of intermediaries. Research Policy 37, 1205-1223.
[74] Yusuf, S. (2006). University-Industry Links Policy Dimensions in Yusuf S & Nabeshima, K (Ed) (2006). How Universities Promote Economic Growth. Washington: The World Bank.
[75] Yusuf, S. (2008). Intermediating knowledge exchange between universities and businesses. Research Policy, 37, 1167-1174.




How to Cite

Sathappan, R. (2018). Exploring the possibility of co-operation between higher education and industries in Malaysia. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, 12(1), 2525–2538. https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v12i1.7125