JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2023-08-29T10:56:11+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems Relationship between parental participation and adolescents’ academic success in Nadia and Jalpaiguri districts 2023-08-29T10:56:11+00:00 Mallika Mondal Bijoy Krishna Panda Muktipada Sinha <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The present study investigated the relationship between parents' participation in their children's education and academic success in the post-pandemic period. A cross-sectional survey design was used, and 209 respondents were selected through a simple random sampling technique. The results revealed that parental involvement has a negative correlation (p&gt;0.05) with their children's academic success but not significantly affecting the same. Apart from that, some other social and educational attributes of the children also contributed to their academic success to a great extent. Further research is needed to explore other potential factors that may contribute to academic success in children.</span></p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mallika Mondal, Bijoy Krishna Panda, Muktipada Sinha Routine Disruption Predicts Stress During the 2020 COVID-19 Lockdowns in the U.S. 2023-04-25T17:08:04+00:00 Luke W. Ayers Luke D. Cooper Victoria L. Mayer <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In early 2020, governments around the world imposed various non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to slow the spread of COVID-19. NPIs like stay-at-home (or “lockdown”) orders were especially effective in mitigating virus transmission but could also significantly disrupt people's usual activities. Given the hypothesized relationship between routine disruption and stress (e.g., Hou, Lai, Ben-Ezra, &amp; Goodwin, 2020), we predicted that the amount of daily-life disruption people experienced during lockdowns would significantly predict their stress levels. To test this hypothesis, we collected data from over 300 adults living across the United States via an online survey. Analyses revealed that lockdowns did disrupt participants’ daily routines, that most participants experienced several stress symptoms during lockdowns, and that overall life disruption strongly correlated with stress scores (</span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">r</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> = .50). Subsequent multiple linear regression analyses revealed that changes in just 4-5 activities were driving this relationship—exercising, relaxing, using social media, eating, and volunteering—and that disruptions to these behavioral routines predicted between 24-32% of the variance in participants’ stress symptoms. Overall, our results showed that many disruptions in daily routines correlated with stress during lockdowns but that some activity changes were more strongly related to stress than others.</span></p> 2023-05-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Luke W. Ayers, Luke D. Cooper, Victoria L. Mayer Philippine National Rural Development Programs and the ordinary Filipino’s Life Satisfaction 2023-03-28T12:41:12+00:00 Arlette L. Melgar <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This research is about determining the major rural development concept and programs implemented by the national government and how they impact the ordinary Filipino’s life satisfaction. the The study found that (1)The national rural development program is anchored on providing access to financing for agricultural production; (4) A significant part of the national rural development program is for calamity assistance (5) There is a slow pace of agrarian reform; (6) There is weak job creation in the rural areas thus period 2001-2009 has seen the most Filipinos forced abroad to find work in the country’s history wherein 1.42 million were deployed last year which was equivalent to almost 3,900 Filipinos leaving every day; and (7) There is the whole issue of livelihood sustenance, technical knowhow, technology, competition, cost of production, unpredictable calamities and most of all, ready markets for the produce in the rural areas. After twenty (20) years, the ordinary Filipno does not base his life satisfaction on whether or not the national government can develop the rural areas.</span></p> 2023-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Arlette L. Melgar Predictors of Academic Success in First Semester Nursing Students 2023-03-07T08:08:18+00:00 Cristina Dumitrescu Lori Kupczynski Marc Campo <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The anticipated nursing shortage requires a closer look at academic predictors of success for first-year nursing students. Literature shows that there is a significant shortage of students graduating from nursing programs to replace the nurses leaving the workforce. This study examined whether self-efficacy and self-esteem predict student success for first-year baccalaureate nursing students taking an introductory science course: Biology for Science Majors (BIO 130). Understanding the relationships between self-efficacy, self-esteem, and the end-of-course grade to measure academic success can inform future student success programming for undergraduate nursing students. The study used a correlation design to determine relationships between students’ self-efficacy, self-esteem, and academic success. The independent variables were self-efficacy and self-esteem. The dependent variable was student academic success measured by students’ final course grades. Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis indicated a weak relationship between scores on the General-Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and final course grades. Similarly, a weak relationship was found between scores on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and the final course grades. This finding remained consistent when controlling for each independent variable. </span></p> 2023-03-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Cristina Dumitrescu, Lori Kupczynski, Marc Campo Supervisors’ Feedback in the TESL Practicum as Perceived by Student-teachers: A Case Study in A Malaysian Teacher Education Institute 2023-02-25T13:48:17+00:00 Ramesh Sathappan Premaraj GURUSAMY <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The purpose of this research study was to investigate the perceptions of supervisory feedback of student-teachers involved in the teaching practicum in a Malaysian Teacher Education Institute. The sample, which was conveniently selected based on student-teachers’ interest and availability, consisted of 24 student-teachers from the Teacher Education Institute. Data were obtained by means of questionnaire. Data were analyzed qualitatively. After considering the perceptions of the student-teachers participating in this study, the findings suggested a characterisation of supervisory feedback that contributed to deepen the existing knowledge about feedback in the teaching practicum context. It enables to shed more lights into the areas of second language teaching in the classroom as the findings would be able to provide more support for future management and development of teacher education in Malaysia.</span></p> 2023-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj GURUSAMY The Relationship between Family and Community Resilience during the Developmental Transition of Emerging Adulthood 2023-02-28T15:19:18+00:00 Elisabeth Ponce Garcia Charleen McNeill Grace Whaley LCSW Robert V Rohli M. E. Betsy Garrison <p>Resilience – the ability of a dynamic system to withstand, or adapt to, threats or risk to its stability, viability, or development – is an important component of environmental, economic, and social systems. While resilience has been studied extensively from individual-, family-, and community-level perspectives, substantially less work has been devoted to understanding resilience through a lens that crosscuts system levels so that an integrated model of resilience can be developed. This research aims to address this gap by identifying a link between family and community resilience as reported by 593 emerging adults. Results support the hypothesis that family resilience predicts community resilience during the transition to adulthood. The results support the proposed framework presented by Houston (2018) in which community resilience is positioned well for both top-down and bottom-up comparisons. The results are also consistent with the dynamic systems perspective which posits that resilience occurs as a result of interactions between and within the levels of complex systems to include the individual, family, and community. These results assist in understanding mechanisms by which resilience emerges from internal and external interactions between and within levels of each system and across developmental transitions.</p> 2023-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Elisabeth Ponce Garcia, Charleen McNeill, Grace Whaley LCSW, Robert V Rohli, M. E. Betsy Garrison Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic and Global Economic Circumstance 2023-02-17T16:03:05+00:00 Aida Mehrad Mohammad Hossein Tahriri Zangeneh <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This research investigates the influence of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic event on the evolution of global economic circumstances, particularly among developed countries, including the United States. The research findings showed that COVID-19 has a widespread impact on inflation expectations and individuals' lifestyles and social life remarkably. These findings have consequences for actual activity, whereas careful monitoring of inflation expectations may indicate inflation anticipations un-anchoring dangers. According to these outcomes, providing a comfortable situation for finding the right job and managing life in the individual and social part by governments or any in charge organizations or workplaces is sincerely recommended. Additionally, taking care of individuals' mental health and treating suffering individuals must be considered. </span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aida Mehrad, Mohammad Hossein Tahriri Zangeneh International Tourism Policy and Development: Indian Tourism Policy 2023-02-21T12:46:37+00:00 Dr. Aida Mehrad sAida@csss.e Kaushal Sharma Rishab Madan Patil Wilfin Mangalan Wilson Adnane Moustansir <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">India is one of the worldwide tourist goals. The current study focused on it in the context of tourism policy and its industry, which is rapidly growing, particularly in Delhi and Mumbai. The rapid growth of India's tourism industry is affected by several factors, including the country's high economic growth rate over the past decade and the fact that it is now one of the more affordable destinations for foreign tourists. Additionally, several significant challenges are associated with developing the Indian tourism industry. To address these challenges and ensure that India's tourism industry continues to increase in the years to come, the government has introduced several new tourism policies aimed at improving the infrastructure available in the country and making it easier for tourists to come and visit. These policies include introducing a dedicated high-speed rail link between Delhi and Mumbai, developing a new visa policy for foreign visitors, and simplifying the process for acquiring permits for filming or photography in popular tourist attractions nationwide. Overall, these policies represent a significant step in developing the Indian tourism industry and will go a long way towards guaranteeing that the country remains a popular destination for tourists worldwide for many years; this study focused on it deeply based on earlier investigations.</span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Aida Mehrad, Kaushal Sharma, Rishab Madan Patil, Wilfin Mangalan Wilson, Aida Mehrad The Generality of Procurement Risks in the Context of Project Management 2023-02-19T06:32:37+00:00 Aida Mehrad <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Project management in engineering, management, and sometimes business has a considerable contribution. Also, its importance can be observable in the risks of procurement. In the current literature review, the researchers endeavor to comprehensively explain all academic and theoretical definitions, history, process, and relations of these two primary and vital variables to make them clear and practical for scholars and those interested in this field. In fact, with this information and knowledge, studying and working in the project management area can be more reasonable and suitable for all interested scholars and those who plan to perform in this area. This study likewise demonstrates the connection between procurement risks and project management and the crucial function of project management in procurement. Typically, educated individuals in this area could also demonstrate better performance and significantly increase the level of process and outcome in project management in this study considered by the researchers. </span></p> 2023-03-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aida Mehrad Physiological and Psychological Effects of Workplace Bullying on Employees: An Exploratory Study in American Organizations 2022-12-29T09:46:42+00:00 Sadguna Anasuri Kaliah Robinson <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Workplace Bullying Institute (2021) defines this concept as "repeated mistreatment: abusive conduct that is threatening, intimidating, or humiliating; work sabotage or verbal abuse." It is estimated that around 79 million Americans are bullied at work, with 67% of them could face a job loss. Overall, 49% of working Americans were affected by bullying at work, directly or indirectly. Target's ethnicity, age, type of employment, number of years of service, etc., played a role in the type and amount of harassment experienced. The current study explored the physiological and psychological effects of workplace bullying among employees in the United States. Data from a sample of 176 employees were analyzed for this article. (More responses are still being collected.) A 60-item questionnaire included quantitative and qualitative questions regarding demographic information, workplace culture, bullying experiences (personal and witnessed), and responses to bullying. Finally, their awareness of current policies on harassment and bullying was explored. For the present article, two important research questions will be explained – regarding (i) physiological and emotional health issues and (ii) on-the-job stress and work-life balance. Other aspects of the survey will be elaborated on in future publications. Additionally, theoretical foundations, a discussion of major findings, conclusions, and recommendations are included.</span></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sadguna Anasuri, Kaliah Robinson