JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2020-01-14T10:34:58+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems The Mediating Effect on Self-Efficacy in The Relationship Between Gender Identity and Leadership Style 2020-01-14T10:34:57+00:00 Sabine Sabine Pohl Pascale Desrumaux Anne-Marie Vonthron <p>According to role congruence theory (Eagly &amp; Karau, 2002), it is not the evaluative content of the stereotype of women but its mismatch with leadership roles that underlies women discrimination with regards to leadership roles. The current study sought to establish whetherleader’s gender identity or the extent to which the leader possesses traits associated with traditional gender stereotypes may explain leadership styles.Using a sample of 163 managers working within bank and personal care services, results show that among both male and female leaders, masculine gender identity was more strongly related to group-focused transformational leadership (charisma, inspirational motivation and idealized influence), transformational intellectual stimulation leadership and to transactional leadership styles. Furthermore, the results show that masculine leadership self-efficacy mediates the relationship between gender identity and leadership styles.&nbsp; Results are discussed in relation to previous research.</p> 2020-01-14T09:55:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Sabine Sabine Pohl, Pascale Desrumaux, Anne-Marie Vonthron A Case Study in Curriculum Change on Practicum in A Tesl Programme in Two Malaysian Institutions of Higher Learning 2020-01-14T10:34:58+00:00 Ramesh Sathappan Premaraj Gurusamy <p>This study attempts to explain the importance of curriculum change in Higher Learning Institutions. It’s objectives were to identify the similarities and differences between two institutions of Higher Learning in terms of curriculum structure, teaching process and teachers’ digital skills and also examine whether the curriculum change in their respective training programmes produce better quality teachers in Malaysian schools. A qualitative research incorporating questionnaire, document analysis and interviews was conducted to obtain the results.. The data obtained from the study participants were analyzed qualitatively. The findings of the study reveal that (i) both the Higher Learning Institutions have similarities in prioratizing subject matter, professional standards and practical training (ii) Both of them share the same view that curriculum change has produced better quality teachers. The study concludes by predicting there will be more innovative changes in curriculum designing in the Higher Learning Institutions in future. However, it has recommended more classroom activities for students.</p> 2020-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj Gurusamy