JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2020-09-04T04:01:29+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems Quantifying Recent Upsurge in Covid-19 Incidence and Related Fatalities: An Implication of Delayed Response or State of Delivery Health Care System? 2020-08-31T09:02:30+00:00 Taofik Olatunji Bankole Glory Urhere <p><strong>Study Aim: </strong>To validate the recent upsurge in COVID-19 incidence and related fatalities in a retrospective to the state of the healthcare delivery system and delayed in response to the pandemic in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The quantitative cross-sectional times series method was adopted. COVID-19 Data for Nigeria were extracted for reported cases and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications from the WHO COVID-19 situational data bank between March 15 and July 15, 2020. The incidence and fatality growth rates were generated at intervals for four months. Data were analyzed with the Stata version 15.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Findings showed that the recent upsurge in COVID-19 accounted for 99.2%, 98.9%, 98.5%, 99.8%, 99.2%, 99.8%, and 97.3% complications that led to the death of infected patients in the Northcentral, Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southsouth. Southwest and the FCT. The results showed that there was a strong uphill linear (r = 0.991) and a significant association between COVID-19 incidence and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications in Nigeria (ß = 0.022; t = 30.2; p&lt;0.001).</p> 2020-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Taofik Olatunji Bankole, Glory Urhere Health Insurance Deepening and Its Impact on Maternal Healthcare Demand in Private Hospitals in Kenya 2020-09-04T04:01:29+00:00 George N. Mose Joseph Abuga Orayo <p>Promotion of maternal healthcare services through the expansion of health insurance coverage has been a core strategy that has been adopted in the reduction of maternal and child mortalities in Kenya. In this study, we seek to establish how health insurance coverage and benefits influence the demand for maternal health utilization in private hospitals in Kenya. The study utilized the latest Kenya Demographic Household Survey 2014 data to estimate the relationship. The binary probit regression model was employed in estimation. From the findings, only 15 percent of mothers were enrolled in a health insurance plan, whereas 14 percent of the women reported to have attended antenatal clinics in private health facilities, and 13 percent benefited from skilled delivery in private healthcare facilities. Results further revealed that health insurance ownership led to a significant increase in the likelihood of utilizing maternal health care services in private hospitals in Kenya. Similarly, age of the mother, marital status, birth order, higher education level, all wealth index categories, and employment status were cofactors associated significantly with use of healthcare services. It was concluded that the advent and increase of health insurance coverage is associated with a significant rise in demand of maternal healthcare services in private hospitals. This study argues that the current health subsidies would be more effective if they were channeled through health insurance with wider coverage of private hospitals. The study recommends reforms in policies and guidelines governing insurance coverage, which we argue would significantly bring down the cost of insurance coverage, thus become more accessible to more Kenyans.</p> 2020-09-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 George N. Mose, Joseph Abuga Orayo Watching the watchman from Ghana: The case of agenda 2063 2020-05-17T02:42:12+00:00 Isaac Addai <p>The Agenda 2063 framework document is the basis for Africa’s long term socio-economic and integrative transformation. It has a list of 12 flagship projects and programs that have to be implemented within the first ten year period of 2014 - 2023. The paper explores the correlation between the awareness of Ghanaians and the monitoring of the African Union Commission Agenda 2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects and established a negative product-moment linear correlation coefficient which statistically established that Ghanaians are not aware of and do not monitor the Agenda2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects.</p> 2020-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Isaac Addai The Transition From Classroom to Zoom and How it Has Changed Education 2020-06-18T05:27:53+00:00 Adam Stefanile <p>In 2020, millions of students, educators, and academic faculty (and others in the world of government, business, etc. worldwide) became aware of greater emphasis for distance teaching and learning (DTL) and communication, especially given the demands being made due to the COVID-19 pandemic. More particularly, some innovative technologies have especially been designed to bring a new coherence to the integral intersection of the teaching and learning dimensions of education, especially when focused on student-centered teaching and learning. While there may have been a grace period for educators to adjust to this paradigm shift, the online educational resources and interactive platforms for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have made more immediate applications possible, especially given the challenges of teaching during a pandemic. The availability of technology in all academic settings, particularly STEM, has enabled educators to implement a range of diverse pedagogical approaches to engage their students more effectively in STEM learning. However, some educators lack the pedagogical skills and/or strategies needed to effectively transition to virtual/teaching online STEM topics and/or classes. The purpose of this article is to highlight the effectiveness of DTL learning by utilizing interactive websites and effectively integrating them into STEM classrooms.</p> 2020-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Adam Stefanile Rural and Urban Disparities of Scheduled Caste Population: A Study with Special Reference to Viluppuram District, Tamil Nadu 2020-06-13T11:33:43+00:00 Dr. A. RANJITHKUMAR <p>The scheduled caste population is being deprived segment of the population. It is necessary to see its progress in terms of demographic and socio-economic conditions to improve it with the help of existing and innovative programs available with the government and the voluntary organizations so that social and economic equality efforts could be made possible. The percentage of scheduled caste population and the other demographic characteristics such as sex ratio, literacy rate, and work participation rate of Tamil Nadu seem to be desirably high as compared to the national averages of the same. It is found that among 32 districts of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvalluvar district tops with 34 % of scheduled caste population, Tirunelveli tops in sex ratio in total and rural areas, Kanniyakumari tops in literacy rate in total, rural, urban among both males and females, Tiruppur tops in work participation rate both rural and urban areas and more or less among both males and females. Karur district has more male-female differences and Coimbatore district has more urban-rural differences in literacy rate. Chennai district accounts for more male-female differences and Kanniyakumari accounts for the more urban-rural difference in the work participation rate. It may be suggested that the District, which has more proportion of scheduled caste population with low sex ratio both in total and child populations and high gender and residential differences in literacy rate and works participation rate may be more concentrated with suitable awareness and reformative social welfare measures.</p> 2020-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. A. RANJITHKUMAR The Legal Status of Appraisal of Materials Guarantee for Bancruptcy Process of Indonesia 2020-06-13T11:02:40+00:00 Anne Rusiana Jamal Wiwoho Adi Sulistiyono <p>This research studies the legal status of a material guarantee for the bankruptcy process of Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to find out the legal status of whether the material guarantee that has been declared bankrupt by the appraisal because of not fulfill of repayment of the debtor to the creditor can be transferred on non-bankruptcy status? Moreover, what is the creditor's execution rights to the debtor's material guarantee? This research uses a <em>normative legal research</em> method, namely: legal research that is done with the purpose of discovering the principles and philosophical base (<em>dogma or doctrine</em>) of positive law, and the research of legal discovery efforts <em>in concreto</em> that is suitable to be implemented to solve a particular legal case. The result of this research is that material guarantees that have been determined as Bankruptcy cannot be transferred to their status when they are sold with a non-bankrupt status before a written decision by the judge justified the status. This shows obedience to the principles of legality and legal certainty, that selling the bankrupt assets with the status of (non-bankrupt assets) cannot be justified according to the law. If the curator still continues to sell the bankrupt assets, that process is illegal, including the execution of the selling according to the law. When it was being declared of bankrupt the total value of the material guarantee is assessed by the appraisal to be sufficient for paying all debts to the creditor, then it became the guarantee of repayment of the debtor, but if the value of the material guarantee valued by the appraisal is smaller than the debt, then there must be a reassessment in order to make justice for debtors and creditors. Mortgage-holding creditors, fiduciary guarantees, mortgage rights, mortgages, or other collateral rights, can execute their rights as if Bankruptcy did not occur, but there are several receivables that must be matched before executing their separatist rights.</p> 2020-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anne Rusiana, Jamal Wiwoho, Adi Sulistiyono