JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2021-03-12T17:08:50+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems Post-war Civil War Propaganda Techniques and Media Spins in Nigeria and Journalism Practice 2021-03-12T17:08:50+00:00 Bolu John Folayan Olumide Samuel Ogunjobi Prosper Zannu Taiwo Ajibolu Balofin <p>In public relations and political communication, a spin is a form of propaganda achieved through knowingly presenting a biased interpretation of an event or issues. It is also the act of presenting narratives to influence public opinion about events, people or and ideas. In war time, various forms of spins are employed by antagonists to wear out the opponents and push their brigades to victory. During the Nigerian civil war, quite a number of these spins were dominant – for example GOWON (Go On With One Nigeria); “On Aburi We Stand”, “O Le Ku Ija Ore”. Post-war years presented different spins and fifty years after the war, different spins continue to push emerging narratives (e.g. “marginalization”, “restructuring”). This paper investigates and analyzes the different propaganda techniques and spins in the narratives of the Nigerian civil in the past five years through a content analysis of three national newspapers: <strong>The Nigerian Tribune</strong>,<strong> Daily Trust</strong> and <strong>Sun Newspapers</strong>. Findings confirm that propaganda and spins are not limited to war time, but are actively deployed in peace time. This development places additional challenge on journalists to uphold the canons of balance, truth and fairness in reporting sensitive national issues. The authors extend postulations that propaganda techniques, generally considered to be limited to war situations, are increasingly being used in post-war situations. Specifically, they highlight that journalists are becoming more susceptible to propaganda spins and this could affect the level of their compliance to the ethics of journalism.</p> 2021-04-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Bolu John Folayan, Olumide Samuel Ogunjobi, Prosper Zannu, Taiwo Ajibolu Balofin A Qualitative Study of Nursing Student and Faculty Perceptions of Attrition 2021-03-03T04:54:51+00:00 Theresa T. Corker Lori Kupczynski Shannon L. Groff <p>Institutions of higher learning struggle to supply enough Registered Nursing Professionals to meet demands in today’s healthcare environment. Hundreds of thousands of students are accepted into nursing programs each year, though many fall short of program completion. High attrition and low retention in registered nursing programs is a problem. The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate attrition and retention of registered nursing students over a four-year period at a Technical College in Georgia to determine factors impacting successful completion of the Associate of Science in Nursing Program (ASN). It further proposed to identify possible solutions to reduce attrition among nursing students. This study analyzed nursing student and nursing faculty perceptions on the causes of high attrition and low retention and perceived solutions to attrition rates. This study provides insight in the development of steps to decrease attrition in registered nursing programs, and other higher education programs of study.</p> 2021-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Theresa T. Corker, Lori Kupczynski, Shannon L. Groff The Benefits of Project-based Language Learning: A Case Study in a Malaysian Secondary School 2021-02-23T07:18:18+00:00 Ramesh Sathappan Premaraj Gurusamy <p>Project -based learning (PBL) is a student-centered teaching approach that organizes learning around projects. It increases students’ motivation to learn and prepares them for the 21<sup>st</sup> century classroom demands through developing real-world experience. The purpose of this study is to explore the benefits of project-based learning on students’ in a Malaysian secondary school. This is a qualitative case study. The sample consists of 3 teachers’ from a secondary school in Malaysia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants. The collected data were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. The study revealed that the participants perceived PBL as a beneficial teaching approach that has the potential to increase student-teachers’ engagement and help them understand more deeply the subject content through self-learning and learning by doing. The advantages of using PBL discussed by the participants were improved lecturer-student and student-lecturer relationships, skill development and real-world practice. The results of this research show that student-teachers’ understand PBL from both positive and negative perspectives. It is considered that findings of this study would improve students-teachers’ motivation and equip them with the necessary skills to successfully implement PBL.</p> 2021-02-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj Gurusamy