JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2023-02-28T15:19:18+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems Supervisors’ Feedback in the TESL Practicum as Perceived by Student-teachers: A Case Study in A Malaysian Teacher Education Institute 2023-02-25T13:48:17+00:00 Ramesh Sathappan Premaraj GURUSAMY <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The purpose of this research study was to investigate the perceptions of supervisory feedback of student-teachers involved in the teaching practicum in a Malaysian Teacher Education Institute. The sample, which was conveniently selected based on student-teachers’ interest and availability, consisted of 24 student-teachers from the Teacher Education Institute. Data were obtained by means of questionnaire. Data were analyzed qualitatively. After considering the perceptions of the student-teachers participating in this study, the findings suggested a characterisation of supervisory feedback that contributed to deepen the existing knowledge about feedback in the teaching practicum context. It enables to shed more lights into the areas of second language teaching in the classroom as the findings would be able to provide more support for future management and development of teacher education in Malaysia.</span></p> 2023-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj GURUSAMY The Relationship between Family and Community Resilience during the Developmental Transition of Emerging Adulthood 2023-02-28T15:19:18+00:00 Elisabeth Ponce Garcia Charleen McNeill Grace Whaley LCSW Robert V Rohli M. E. Betsy Garrison <p>Resilience – the ability of a dynamic system to withstand, or adapt to, threats or risk to its stability, viability, or development – is an important component of environmental, economic, and social systems. While resilience has been studied extensively from individual-, family-, and community-level perspectives, substantially less work has been devoted to understanding resilience through a lens that crosscuts system levels so that an integrated model of resilience can be developed. This research aims to address this gap by identifying a link between family and community resilience as reported by 593 emerging adults. Results support the hypothesis that family resilience predicts community resilience during the transition to adulthood. The results support the proposed framework presented by Houston (2018) in which community resilience is positioned well for both top-down and bottom-up comparisons. The results are also consistent with the dynamic systems perspective which posits that resilience occurs as a result of interactions between and within the levels of complex systems to include the individual, family, and community. These results assist in understanding mechanisms by which resilience emerges from internal and external interactions between and within levels of each system and across developmental transitions.</p> 2023-03-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Elisabeth Ponce Garcia, Charleen McNeill, Grace Whaley LCSW, Robert V Rohli, M. E. Betsy Garrison Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic and Global Economic Circumstance 2023-02-17T16:03:05+00:00 Aida Mehrad Mohammad Hossein Tahriri Zangeneh <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This research investigates the influence of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic event on the evolution of global economic circumstances, particularly among developed countries, including the United States. The research findings showed that COVID-19 has a widespread impact on inflation expectations and individuals' lifestyles and social life remarkably. These findings have consequences for actual activity, whereas careful monitoring of inflation expectations may indicate inflation anticipations un-anchoring dangers. According to these outcomes, providing a comfortable situation for finding the right job and managing life in the individual and social part by governments or any in charge organizations or workplaces is sincerely recommended. Additionally, taking care of individuals' mental health and treating suffering individuals must be considered. </span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aida Mehrad, Mohammad Hossein Tahriri Zangeneh International Tourism Policy and Development: Indian Tourism Policy 2023-02-21T12:46:37+00:00 Dr. Aida Mehrad sAida@csss.e Kaushal Sharma Rishab Madan Patil Wilfin Mangalan Wilson Adnane Moustansir <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">India is one of the worldwide tourist goals. The current study focused on it in the context of tourism policy and its industry, which is rapidly growing, particularly in Delhi and Mumbai. The rapid growth of India's tourism industry is affected by several factors, including the country's high economic growth rate over the past decade and the fact that it is now one of the more affordable destinations for foreign tourists. Additionally, several significant challenges are associated with developing the Indian tourism industry. To address these challenges and ensure that India's tourism industry continues to increase in the years to come, the government has introduced several new tourism policies aimed at improving the infrastructure available in the country and making it easier for tourists to come and visit. These policies include introducing a dedicated high-speed rail link between Delhi and Mumbai, developing a new visa policy for foreign visitors, and simplifying the process for acquiring permits for filming or photography in popular tourist attractions nationwide. Overall, these policies represent a significant step in developing the Indian tourism industry and will go a long way towards guaranteeing that the country remains a popular destination for tourists worldwide for many years; this study focused on it deeply based on earlier investigations.</span></p> 2023-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dr. Aida Mehrad, Kaushal Sharma, Rishab Madan Patil, Wilfin Mangalan Wilson, Aida Mehrad The Generality of Procurement Risks in the Context of Project Management 2023-02-19T06:32:37+00:00 Aida Mehrad <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Project management in engineering, management, and sometimes business has a considerable contribution. Also, its importance can be observable in the risks of procurement. In the current literature review, the researchers endeavor to comprehensively explain all academic and theoretical definitions, history, process, and relations of these two primary and vital variables to make them clear and practical for scholars and those interested in this field. In fact, with this information and knowledge, studying and working in the project management area can be more reasonable and suitable for all interested scholars and those who plan to perform in this area. This study likewise demonstrates the connection between procurement risks and project management and the crucial function of project management in procurement. Typically, educated individuals in this area could also demonstrate better performance and significantly increase the level of process and outcome in project management in this study considered by the researchers. </span></p> 2023-03-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aida Mehrad Physiological and Psychological Effects of Workplace Bullying on Employees: An Exploratory Study in American Organizations 2022-12-29T09:46:42+00:00 Sadguna Anasuri Kaliah Robinson <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Workplace Bullying Institute (2021) defines this concept as "repeated mistreatment: abusive conduct that is threatening, intimidating, or humiliating; work sabotage or verbal abuse." It is estimated that around 79 million Americans are bullied at work, with 67% of them could face a job loss. Overall, 49% of working Americans were affected by bullying at work, directly or indirectly. Target's ethnicity, age, type of employment, number of years of service, etc., played a role in the type and amount of harassment experienced. The current study explored the physiological and psychological effects of workplace bullying among employees in the United States. Data from a sample of 176 employees were analyzed for this article. (More responses are still being collected.) A 60-item questionnaire included quantitative and qualitative questions regarding demographic information, workplace culture, bullying experiences (personal and witnessed), and responses to bullying. Finally, their awareness of current policies on harassment and bullying was explored. For the present article, two important research questions will be explained – regarding (i) physiological and emotional health issues and (ii) on-the-job stress and work-life balance. Other aspects of the survey will be elaborated on in future publications. Additionally, theoretical foundations, a discussion of major findings, conclusions, and recommendations are included.</span></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sadguna Anasuri, Kaliah Robinson