JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH en-US <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Editorial Office) (Gurpreet Kaur) Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Sustainable overall social transformation as a way of progress. <p>The paper concerns the fundamental issues of the sustainable social progress. As follows from the argumentation, a realistic design of institutional changes in connection with resource and organizational changes needed for sustainable progress is called for to realize in the line of overall social system transformation. This approach presupposes an exhaustive study of interconnected transformations in the main societal fields as system processes considering the influence of relatively exogenous factors (technological, demographic and climate changes). In turn, it is advisable, taking in view current world challenges, to expose an idea of ​​universal sustainability, the property of which is inherent in all social practices, and not just mediating the relationship between society and its environment. The first result of study concludes in revealing the fundamentals of overall social system sustainability. The second result: the transition to sustainable transformation of society supposes the synergetic implementation of structure-forming system and policy-driven shifts.</p> Arkady Martynov Copyright (c) 2020 Arkady Martynov Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Social Capital on Firm Performance: An Empirical Study of Small Enterprises in Sri Lanka <p>The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of social capital on the performance of Small Enterprises (SEs) in an emerging economy, Sri Lanka. The study adopts a survey design and cross-sectional data collected by administering 200 questionnaires conducting face to face interviews. The social capital was measured by three dimensions namely, structural, relational, and conative social capital. The data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling. The results show that structural and cognitive social capital had a positive significant impact on the performance of SEs while relational social capital had demonstrated a negative statistically significant impact on the performance of SEs. This implies that the managers of SEs emphasize the social capital as a means to a source of finance and resources and access to business and market information by maintaining close ties with the stakeholders to achieve a competitive advantage. The findings will be useful for the owners/managers of SEs who should share their knowledge, opportunities, and resources with their suppliers, customers as well as employees of the organization such that they should try to share their goals and achieve success together with parties who are related and interested in the business.</p> Chandralatha Subasinghe Menike Lakse Mudiyanselage Copyright (c) 2020 Chandralatha Subasinghe Menike Lakse Mudiyanselage Mon, 09 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Listening skill among socially disadvantaged students in relation to academic performance at higher education in West Bengal <p>Listening is the key to all effective communication. Good listening ability helps a person to make ideas, processing information, making pertinent comments, and ask relevant questions. This study aimed to understand existing listening skills among the socially disadvantaged students based on different demographic indicators and check whether listening skill and academic performance are somehow related when both the category of students are considered in higher education in West Bengal. Undergraduate freshman students of college and universities at West Bengal consisted of the population for the study where 225 students who regularly attended the course after successful completion of the higher secondary level selected as sample. Major findings revealed that the gender, stream, and medium of instruction has a significant contribution in a variation of listening skill (p&lt;0.05); also, listening skill and academic performance is positively correlated with high statistical significance (p&lt;0.01).</p> Chayan Adak, Bijoy Krishna Panda Copyright (c) 2020 Chayan Adak, Bijoy Krishna Panda Mon, 19 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Determinant strategies in empowering batik craftsmen to increase competitiveness <p>Batik is one of the nation's great cultural heritage. Each region also has batik art. The city of Surabaya also has a unique batik culture, one of which is Semanggi batik. It is hoped that the batik business will encourage opportunities for people's economic strength and competitiveness. But in fact, the competitiveness of Semanggi batik products is low. This study aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses (internal environmental conditions) and to identify opportunities and threats (external conditions) of the semanggi batik craftsmen group as the basis for formulating strategies to improve competitiveness. The study used a qualitative approach with data collection techniques, focus group discussion (FGD), semi-structured interviews, observation, and document collection. Informants are determined using purposive. The data analysis uses interactive models and SWOT analysis. The results showed that the internal conditions that support the floating strength of semanggi batik include distinctive iconic motifs that distinguish them from other batik and batik coloring using organic materials. Opportunities that arise are export opportunities, city government support, support from other elements of society, and online marketing opportunities. While the existing weaknesses include the number of artisans, low digital-based marketing capabilities, batik motifs that have not been registered as intellectual property rights, limited production, and marketing volume, low capital. The threats that arise are the emergence of competitors and expensive production costs that affect the selling price of batik. The map of the internal and external conditions of the semanggi batik craftsmen is handy as a material for formulating strategy formulations in empowering semanggi batik artisans</p> Susi Hardjati , Ananta Prathama , Kalvin Edo Wahyudi Copyright (c) 2020 Susi Hardjati , Ananta Prathama , Kalvin Edo Wahyudi Mon, 19 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Model of Implementation 0f Property Distribution After Divorce of Local Wisdom Perspective in Madura <p>This study's purpose is to reveal and determine the implementation model of the distribution of marital property after divorce from the perspective of Madurese local wisdom. This research uses the empirical juridical method; according to Ronny Hanitijo Soemitro, a law that is empirically a symptom of society, on the other hand, can be studied as a variable (<em>independent variable</em>) which causes consequences on various aspects of social life. In social studies, the law is not conceptualized as an independent (<em>autonomous</em>) normative phenomenon, but as social institutions which are associated in real terms with other social variables. The results of this study are: a model for the implementation of post-divorce marital property distribution in the perspective of Madurese local wisdom, with the wisdom of distributing marital assets after divorce by distributing them into several models or forms as follows: (1) following the distribution model according to the positive legal arrangement of Indonesia, namely what is regulated in state law and is decided by the Religious Court, that the distribution of marital assets, namely widows or divorced widowers, each has the right to a half of the marital assets as long as it is not stipulated otherwise in other agreements in marriage. Meanwhile, based on the Article 37 of Law Number 1 the Year 1974 concerning the marriage, if the marriage breaks up due to divorce, marital assets is regulated according to their respective laws. Meanwhile, according to the Civil Code (<em>KUH Perdita</em>), Article 128, after the dissolution of marital assets, their marital assets are divided between husband and wife, or between their heirs, without question of which party the goods originated from. (2) the post-divorce model of the distribution of marital assets in the perspective of Madurese local wisdom is based on the wisdom of each individual soul or soul of a divorced husband and wife. The wisdom of each of these minds or souls is partly rooted in the Madurese community, which in this paper is called wisdom. As part of local wisdom in Madura, the distribution of marital assets is carried out by means of mediation <em>(abeq remember)</em> attended by community leaders.</p> Adriana Pakendek, Anni Puji Astutik Copyright (c) 2020 Adriana Pakendek, Anni Puji Astutik Mon, 19 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Foreign Population: Guidelines for Studying Migration in Thailand <p>This article aims to explain the migration factors of the foreign population in Thailand. The migration concepts and the approach of studying the foreign population in the present Thai society found that the migration factors consisted of the need for economic security, life, good quality of life for oneself and one's own family, marriage with a foreign spouse, leisure travel, safety in life and property, seeking business opportunities, access to property and property owners, changing lifestyle, and extending savings for investment funds. As for the guidelines for studying the foreign population, there are three frameworks to consider, which include: (1) the origin, (2) the way to the destination, and (3) the destination. The origin is the study of migration decisions, factors, and objectives. The way to the destination considers the travel process, facilitating travel according to the legal system of the origin country, and labor export policies. Finally, the destination is the study of personal and official networks, relational and contact mechanisms of the community, and lifestyle of the people in the community, including the local impact of the destination country.</p> Nattanyanob Suksai Copyright (c) 2020 Nattanyanob Suksai Fri, 09 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Health Insurance Deepening and Its Impact on Maternal Healthcare Demand in Private Hospitals in Kenya <p>Promotion of maternal healthcare services through the expansion of health insurance coverage has been a core strategy that has been adopted in the reduction of maternal and child mortalities in Kenya. In this study, we seek to establish how health insurance coverage and benefits influence the demand for maternal health utilization in private hospitals in Kenya. The study utilized the latest Kenya Demographic Household Survey 2014 data to estimate the relationship. The binary probit regression model was employed in estimation. From the findings, only 15 percent of mothers were enrolled in a health insurance plan, whereas 14 percent of the women reported to have attended antenatal clinics in private health facilities, and 13 percent benefited from skilled delivery in private healthcare facilities. Results further revealed that health insurance ownership led to a significant increase in the likelihood of utilizing maternal health care services in private hospitals in Kenya. Similarly, age of the mother, marital status, birth order, higher education level, all wealth index categories, and employment status were cofactors associated significantly with use of healthcare services. It was concluded that the advent and increase of health insurance coverage is associated with a significant rise in demand of maternal healthcare services in private hospitals. This study argues that the current health subsidies would be more effective if they were channeled through health insurance with wider coverage of private hospitals. The study recommends reforms in policies and guidelines governing insurance coverage, which we argue would significantly bring down the cost of insurance coverage, thus become more accessible to more Kenyans.</p> George N. Mose, Joseph Abuga Orayo Copyright (c) 2020 George N. Mose, Joseph Abuga Orayo Thu, 17 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Quantifying Recent Upsurge in Covid-19 Incidence and Related Fatalities: An Implication of Delayed Response or State of Delivery Health Care System? <p><strong>Study Aim: </strong>To validate the recent upsurge in COVID-19 incidence and related fatalities in a retrospective to the state of the healthcare delivery system and delayed in response to the pandemic in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The quantitative cross-sectional times series method was adopted. COVID-19 Data for Nigeria were extracted for reported cases and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications from the WHO COVID-19 situational data bank between March 15 and July 15, 2020. The incidence and fatality growth rates were generated at intervals for four months. Data were analyzed with the Stata version 15.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Findings showed that the recent upsurge in COVID-19 accounted for 99.2%, 98.9%, 98.5%, 99.8%, 99.2%, 99.8%, and 97.3% complications that led to the death of infected patients in the Northcentral, Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southsouth. Southwest and the FCT. The results showed that there was a strong uphill linear (r = 0.991) and a significant association between COVID-19 incidence and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications in Nigeria (ß = 0.022; t = 30.2; p&lt;0.001).</p> Taofik Olatunji Bankole, Glory Urhere Copyright (c) 2020 Taofik Olatunji Bankole, Glory Urhere Thu, 17 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Watching the watchman from Ghana: The case of agenda 2063 <p>The Agenda 2063 framework document is the basis for Africa’s long term socio-economic and integrative transformation. It has a list of 12 flagship projects and programs that have to be implemented within the first ten year period of 2014 - 2023. The paper explores the correlation between the awareness of Ghanaians and the monitoring of the African Union Commission Agenda 2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects and established a negative product-moment linear correlation coefficient which statistically established that Ghanaians are not aware of and do not monitor the Agenda2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects.</p> Isaac Addai Copyright (c) 2020 Isaac Addai Thu, 16 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Transition From Classroom to Zoom and How it Has Changed Education <p>In 2020, millions of students, educators, and academic faculty (and others in the world of government, business, etc. worldwide) became aware of greater emphasis for distance teaching and learning (DTL) and communication, especially given the demands being made due to the COVID-19 pandemic. More particularly, some innovative technologies have especially been designed to bring a new coherence to the integral intersection of the teaching and learning dimensions of education, especially when focused on student-centered teaching and learning. While there may have been a grace period for educators to adjust to this paradigm shift, the online educational resources and interactive platforms for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have made more immediate applications possible, especially given the challenges of teaching during a pandemic. The availability of technology in all academic settings, particularly STEM, has enabled educators to implement a range of diverse pedagogical approaches to engage their students more effectively in STEM learning. However, some educators lack the pedagogical skills and/or strategies needed to effectively transition to virtual/teaching online STEM topics and/or classes. The purpose of this article is to highlight the effectiveness of DTL learning by utilizing interactive websites and effectively integrating them into STEM classrooms.</p> Adam Stefanile Copyright (c) 2020 Adam Stefanile Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Rural and Urban Disparities of Scheduled Caste Population: A Study with Special Reference to Viluppuram District, Tamil Nadu <p>The scheduled caste population is being deprived segment of the population. It is necessary to see its progress in terms of demographic and socio-economic conditions to improve it with the help of existing and innovative programs available with the government and the voluntary organizations so that social and economic equality efforts could be made possible. The percentage of scheduled caste population and the other demographic characteristics such as sex ratio, literacy rate, and work participation rate of Tamil Nadu seem to be desirably high as compared to the national averages of the same. It is found that among 32 districts of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvalluvar district tops with 34 % of scheduled caste population, Tirunelveli tops in sex ratio in total and rural areas, Kanniyakumari tops in literacy rate in total, rural, urban among both males and females, Tiruppur tops in work participation rate both rural and urban areas and more or less among both males and females. Karur district has more male-female differences and Coimbatore district has more urban-rural differences in literacy rate. Chennai district accounts for more male-female differences and Kanniyakumari accounts for the more urban-rural difference in the work participation rate. It may be suggested that the District, which has more proportion of scheduled caste population with low sex ratio both in total and child populations and high gender and residential differences in literacy rate and works participation rate may be more concentrated with suitable awareness and reformative social welfare measures.</p> Dr. A. RANJITHKUMAR Copyright (c) 2020 Dr. A. RANJITHKUMAR Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Legal Status of Appraisal of Materials Guarantee for Bancruptcy Process of Indonesia <p>This research studies the legal status of a material guarantee for the bankruptcy process of Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to find out the legal status of whether the material guarantee that has been declared bankrupt by the appraisal because of not fulfill of repayment of the debtor to the creditor can be transferred on non-bankruptcy status? Moreover, what is the creditor's execution rights to the debtor's material guarantee? This research uses a <em>normative legal research</em> method, namely: legal research that is done with the purpose of discovering the principles and philosophical base (<em>dogma or doctrine</em>) of positive law, and the research of legal discovery efforts <em>in concreto</em> that is suitable to be implemented to solve a particular legal case. The result of this research is that material guarantees that have been determined as Bankruptcy cannot be transferred to their status when they are sold with a non-bankrupt status before a written decision by the judge justified the status. This shows obedience to the principles of legality and legal certainty, that selling the bankrupt assets with the status of (non-bankrupt assets) cannot be justified according to the law. If the curator still continues to sell the bankrupt assets, that process is illegal, including the execution of the selling according to the law. When it was being declared of bankrupt the total value of the material guarantee is assessed by the appraisal to be sufficient for paying all debts to the creditor, then it became the guarantee of repayment of the debtor, but if the value of the material guarantee valued by the appraisal is smaller than the debt, then there must be a reassessment in order to make justice for debtors and creditors. Mortgage-holding creditors, fiduciary guarantees, mortgage rights, mortgages, or other collateral rights, can execute their rights as if Bankruptcy did not occur, but there are several receivables that must be matched before executing their separatist rights.</p> Anne Rusiana, Jamal Wiwoho, Adi Sulistiyono Copyright (c) 2020 Anne Rusiana, Jamal Wiwoho, Adi Sulistiyono Fri, 10 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000