JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH KHALSA PUBLICATIONS en-US JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH 2321-1091 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Mobbing In The Workplace : A Literature Review <p><strong>Aim.</strong>: Τo investigate the Mobbing phenomenon in the workplace, <strong><u>Material And Methods:</u></strong> We investigated the Mobbing by reviewing previous international research over mobbing. The research material was accumulated after thoroughly examining former studies and reviewing the existing literature, as it was found in the bibliography, data bases, academic libraries, academic journals and the internet. <strong><u>Results</u>:</strong> Through the research we tried to define this phenomenon and at the same time to study it in the workplace. Finally, we conducted a literature review from previous research in order to investigate this phenomenon and its factors. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: The current study has concluded that mobbing sadly negatively affects the recipient by creating both direct and indirect effects on various aspects of his daily life, one of which is the workplace.</p> Valentina Vaxevani Tagarakis A. Ioannis Tsokali Fani Daskalopoulos Marios Papamitsou Theodora , Tagarakis I. Georgios Copyright (c) 2021 Valentina Vaxevani, Tagarakis A. Ioannis , Tsokali Fani, Daskalopoulos Marios, Papamitsou Theodora, , Tagarakis I. Georgios 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 17 172 177 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9152 Light At the End of The Tunnel: Re-Storying the Experiences of Teacher- Covid19 Survivors <p>The continued service at the frontline of educational delivery in the time of COVID19 pandemic situates teachers to susceptibility that is no less critical. This study aimed to tell the experiences of teachers who were in the throes of COVID-19 disease and have recovered, through the narration of their personal stories. Narrative Inquiry was employed and facilitated by the use research interviews and written accounts of 4 teacher-survivors. Using Narrative Thematic approach in data analysis, themes were developed and were formatted in a literary chronological sense of the pre, during and post COVID19 stages of their journey to tell a cohesive narrative story. The plot started with Skepticisms and disbelief that describe the pre-COVID stage. Guilt, Anxiety and Shame; Fraud Information and Disclosure; Stigmas and Discrimination; and experiences pertaining to Temporality and Place; to their Being a Teacher; and to Relationship and Sociality, capture their During-COVID19 stage. The common accounts of Lessons and New Beginnings articulate the Post-COVID19 Stage. Recommendations to help advance the public’s understanding of the experiences of these teacher-survivors were also explicated.</p> Ritchelee B. Alugar Copyright (c) 2021 Ritchelee B. Alugar 2021-12-10 2021-12-10 17 159 171 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9143 Adad [Antonyms] and Its Impact on the Exegesis of Al-Samin in His Books (Al-Durr) And (Al-’Umda) <p>This research tackles the subject of the indication of antonyms and its impact on the exegesis of al-Samin in both his books “<em>al-Durr al-Masun</em>” (Preserved Pearls) and “‘<em>Umdat al-Hufaz</em>” (Reliance of the memorize-rs). In this research, I have combined between the language and tafsir (exegesis) and clarified the efforts exerted by al-Samin in serving the interpretation of the Quran. Moreover, I have introduced his great contribution to linguistic research and compiled the conclusions he has reached in both his books (al-Durr) and (al-’Umda) on antonyms. I have organized his ideas, studied his tangible effects in his exegesis of the holy Quran in addition to methodologically establishing the role of the language being one of the tools in the past and contemporary exegesis of the holy Quran and clarified its multiple indications and various manners. I was also keen in highlighting the importance of the indication of antonyms and the extent of its impact on interpreting the noble Quran. Moreover, I have studied the points of contention among the scholars and exegists on the meaning of the Quranic statement and clarified the importance of the Quranic context in determining the exact meaning of the vocabularies and structures. Furthermore, I have highlighted the close connection between the developed indication of words and the intended meaning in the Quranic verse.</p> Dr. Ayman Ibrahim Yusuf Rayan Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Ayman Ibrahim Yusuf Rayan 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 17 144 158 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9108 Psychological Precursors and Manifestations of Daily Beyond-Duties Engagement Within the Assistance and Creative Professions <p>The study’s first goal was to explore and analyze ‘beyond-duties engagement’ (employee engagement that exceeds basic professional duties) within the assistance and creative professions. The second goal was to explore relationships of daily beyond-duties engagement with autonomy in action, feedback from others, positive affect and subjective assessment of one's competences. Each participant completed a daily diary for 5-6 days, and data were obtained from 64 employees, aged 21-61 (M = 38.91, SD = 8.99), from each profession. Qualitative sorting of beyond-duties engagement yielded twelve categories with forty subcategories. Hierarchical linear modelling demonstrated a positive relationship between feedback from others and subjective assessment of one's competences with enhanced beyond-duties engagement. A mediation role of positive affect was also observed. When considered within the relevant organizational context, these findings may help predict how an employee, from a given profession, is likely to respond to specific, positive stimuli at work.</p> Agnieszka Bożek Copyright (c) 2021 Agnieszka Bożek 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 17 122 143 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9113 Exploring the quality of life and psychological symptoms of university students in Cyprus during the Covid-19 pandemic <p>The onset of the infectious disease Covid19 originating in Wuhan, China, took over the world in December 2019 and was declared a pandemic in January 2020. Empirical evidence resulting from relevant research illustrated that the effects of the pandemic itself but also of the strict measures to contain the spread of the virus on the mental health and well-being of affected populations were just as unanticipated as the pandemic itself. Data led to the identification of six idioms of distress: (1) Demoralization and pessimism towards the future, (2) anguish and stress, (3) self-depreciation, (4) social withdrawal and isolation, (5) somatization, (6) withdrawal into oneself. Our research explores the psychological impact of the Covid19 pandemic on college students and their quality of life. The study took place in Cyprus with 356 young participants, whereas 256 were female (72%) and 100 were male (28%). They all completed the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI). The present study's findings revealed that six factors, including residence without family, the deterioration of the financial situation of the family, the loss of employment, the deterioration of social relationships, young age, and gender, have significantly affected in a negative way the mental health and quality of life of young people. Research findings revealed that the strict lockdown and physical/social isolation measures had a significant adverse effect on our sample, whereas participants showed increased symptoms of anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, and somatization. Young adults who lost their jobs during the pandemic or had a significant decrease in their family income, and students who stayed away from their families, experienced a negative impact on their quality of life and had to cope with more mental health problems.</p> Hadjicharalambous Demetris Loucia Demetriou Koulla Erotocritou Copyright (c) 2021 Hadjicharalambous Demetris, Loucia Demetriou, Koulla Erotocritou 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 17 110 121 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9112 The impact of a public healt environmental contingency (COVID-19) on Stress and a General Healt of workers from different industrial sector. <p>The problems that arise in society, in relation to health affect workers to some extent, this is the case of the COVID -19 pandemic, which has somehow affected organizations in general, such as: in their profits, in the reduction of personnel, in adapting new forms of work if required, and in activating health protocols to avoid the spread of it in its workers, this health situation that is present worldwide has had a great impact on people from the psychological aspect, it is for this the interest to carry out this research, with the purpose of knowing the perception of the workers of different organizations in this pandemic situation, that is to say, how it has affected them in relation to stress and therefore their general health, the instruments applied were: Perceived Stress Scale (10 items) and the Golberg General Health Questionnaire. The results of this work gave us a Coronbach alpha of α = .85 of reliability which indicates that this study is reliable, likewise 60% of the population report that they have felt stress due to COVID-19, as well as 42% of the population state that they have perceived factors or symptoms that affect their mental health to some degree.</p> Nora Isela Macías Núñez Aurora Moyano González Victor Ibarra José Armando Peña-Moreno Martha Esthela Calderon Parga Copyright (c) 2021 Nora Isela Macías Núñez, Aurora Moyano González, Victor Ibarra, José Armando Peña-Moreno, Martha Esthela Calderon Parga 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 17 100 109 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9084 Parental involvement in raising Grade 12 achievement in South African rural secondary schools <p>The <em>South African Schools Act</em> No.84 of 1996 obliges parents to bring their children to school from the first day of their schooling. This means that the legislation gives parents the right to be fully involved in their children’s education for better academic achievement. This study examined parental involvement in raising Grade 12 achievement in South African rural schools. A qualitative study was done at three secondary schools in the Mkhuhlu circuit in the Bohlabela region of the Mpumalanga Province. Data were collected in the form of interviews from the principal, teachers, parents and Grade 12 learners at each of the three schools. The study found that at all three schools, parents were not aware of their importance to motivate learners to learn, the need to attend school regularly and the development of their own literacy skills to raise the results in Grade 12. Therefore, the study recommends that parents must be empowered by both teachers and principals in order for them to be able to execute their roles effectively.</p> Paul Karel Triegaardt Veronica Mapaseka Monamoledi Copyright (c) 2021 Paul Karel Triegaardt, Veronica Mapaseka Monamoledi 2021-05-12 2021-05-12 17 91 99 10.24297/jssr.v17i.8608 School Management Strategies to Improve Parental Involvement: Insights from School Principals in Southern Tshwane Primary Schools <p>Parental involvement plays a very important role in the development of a child's formal education. Even though there are many benefits of parental involvement, there are many factors that constrain parental involvement. This study explored various management strategies that might serve as guidelines to improve parental involvement in Southern Tshwane primary schools. The conceptual framework that informed this study was Factors that Determine School Effectiveness by Heneveld and Craig as well as Epstein's theory of overlapping spheres and her typology on parental involvement that served as the theoretical framework for this study. A qualitative research approach was the method used for this study, as it allowed the researcher to conduct in-depth interviews with six principals in Southern Tshwane primary schools. An extensive literature study and relevant documents were also examined to collect rich and comprehensive information. The research indicates that most schools comprehend the importance of parental involvement, yet lack structured implementation frameworks for parental involvement. The study recommends that schools need to plan, manage and implement a parental involvement programme according to the unique circumstances of the school.</p> Paul Karel Triegaardt Elthea van Diermen Copyright (c) 2021 Paul Karel Triegaardt , Elthea van Diermen 2021-05-12 2021-05-12 17 78 90 10.24297/jssr.v17i.8796 The Big Brother Naija TV Reality Show as Coordinate of Media Functions and Dysfunctions <p>The mass media play at least five basic functions which include news dissemination, surveillance of the environment, correlation of the components of the society, entertainment and transmission of social heritage. Sometimes, disruptions and impairments do occur in the performance of these roles and some of these basic functions become dysfunctions, which turn the media into purveyor of negative values. The present study investigates how popular the Nigerian TV reality show, Big Brother Naija (BBN), is perceived by its viewers. Three hundred heavy viewers of the programme were surveyed from Lagos and Ede, South-West Nigeria, and their opinions and attitudes were sought regarding; why they like or dislike the programme; the gratifications that those who like the programme derive and whether the BBN, as media content, is generally functional or dysfunctional to the society. Sixty-six per cent 66 (33.7%) of respondents like the programme because it entertains. Half of the respondents, 99(50.5%) dislike ‘immoral aspects’ of the programme. The viewers affirm that the eviction part of the programme was their highest form of gratification. Most respondents, despite public outcry against the programme, consider the programme to be “functional”. Findings reinforce the postulation that TV viewers are not passive consumers of media contents<em>.</em></p> Bolu John Folayan Olubunmi Ajibade Olubunmi Dipo Adedoyin Toyin Segun Onayinka Toluwani Titilola Folayan Copyright (c) 2021 Bolu John Folayan, Olubunmi Ajibade, Olubunmi Dipo Adedoyin, Toyin Segun Onayinka, Toluwani Titilola Folayan 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 17 61 72 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9015 Pay, Promotion, Work, Supervision, and Coworker as Dimensions of Academicians Job Satisfaction at Public Research Universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia <p>Recognizing and evaluating effective and principal factors that have been affected by academicians' feelings and satisfaction are imperative. This cross-sectional study aims to examine coworker's influence, pay, promotion, supervision, and work on academicians' job satisfaction at university. Job Descriptive Index (JDI) measured these factors, which comprised 72 items and proposed by Brodke et al. (2009) amongst 440 academicians who worked in public research universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Descriptive Statistics analyzed the achieved data. This study has illustrated that most academicians revealed a high level of satisfaction toward their pay, coworker, promotion, supervision, and work; their universities support them regarding the main factors of work and organizational structure. Based on these consequences, the universities and any other academic institutes have to the consciousness of these five main factors to improve and enhance academicians job satisfaction, leading to high outcomes and performance at the workplace.</p> Aida Mehrad Copyright (c) 2021 Aida Mehrad 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 17 55 60 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9011 Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth relationships: The moderation role of institutional quality <p>Most studies on the effect of the role of institutional quality on the relationship between foreign investment and economic growth have been carried out in Western countries. Very few studies on the above-mentioned relationships have been done in Asian countries during. This paper will be conducted in Asian countries using the following three models: Pooled OLS, Fixed effect model, and Random effect model. This paper uses secondary data from 10 Asian countries from 2011 to 2018. The empirical results show that (1): FDI has a positive effect on the economies of the countries. Asia between 2002 and 2018 (2) The quality of the state strengthens the impact of FDI on the economies of Asian countries between 2011 and 2018. These findings imply that if improving the quality of institutions, the state will attract more FDI and economic development</p> <p>The research paper is based on the scientific approach of quantitative methods to solve the problems posed, practical and effective service for the completion of the research purpose. The secondary data collected from the to create asymmetric data tables will be processed on STATA software.</p> Vu Tuan Anh Tran Ngoc Khanh Linh Copyright (c) 2021 Vu Tuan Anh, Tran Ngoc Khanh Linh 2021-04-29 2021-04-29 17 41 54 10.24297/jssr.v17i.9013 Post-war Civil War Propaganda Techniques and Media Spins in Nigeria and Journalism Practice <p>In public relations and political communication, a spin is a form of propaganda achieved through knowingly presenting a biased interpretation of an event or issues. It is also the act of presenting narratives to influence public opinion about events, people or and ideas. In war time, various forms of spins are employed by antagonists to wear out the opponents and push their brigades to victory. During the Nigerian civil war, quite a number of these spins were dominant – for example GOWON (Go On With One Nigeria); “On Aburi We Stand”, “O Le Ku Ija Ore”. Post-war years presented different spins and fifty years after the war, different spins continue to push emerging narratives (e.g. “marginalization”, “restructuring”). This paper investigates and analyzes the different propaganda techniques and spins in the narratives of the Nigerian civil in the past five years through a content analysis of three national newspapers: <strong>The Nigerian Tribune</strong>,<strong> Daily Trust</strong> and <strong>Sun Newspapers</strong>. Findings confirm that propaganda and spins are not limited to war time, but are actively deployed in peace time. This development places additional challenge on journalists to uphold the canons of balance, truth and fairness in reporting sensitive national issues. The authors extend postulations that propaganda techniques, generally considered to be limited to war situations, are increasingly being used in post-war situations. Specifically, they highlight that journalists are becoming more susceptible to propaganda spins and this could affect the level of their compliance to the ethics of journalism.</p> Bolu John Folayan Olumide Samuel Ogunjobi Prosper Zannu Taiwo Ajibolu Balofin Copyright (c) 2021 Bolu John Folayan, Olumide Samuel Ogunjobi, Prosper Zannu, Taiwo Ajibolu Balofin 2021-04-08 2021-04-08 17 30 40 10.24297/jssr.v17i.8993 A Qualitative Study of Nursing Student and Faculty Perceptions of Attrition <p>Institutions of higher learning struggle to supply enough Registered Nursing Professionals to meet demands in today’s healthcare environment. Hundreds of thousands of students are accepted into nursing programs each year, though many fall short of program completion. High attrition and low retention in registered nursing programs is a problem. The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate attrition and retention of registered nursing students over a four-year period at a Technical College in Georgia to determine factors impacting successful completion of the Associate of Science in Nursing Program (ASN). It further proposed to identify possible solutions to reduce attrition among nursing students. This study analyzed nursing student and nursing faculty perceptions on the causes of high attrition and low retention and perceived solutions to attrition rates. This study provides insight in the development of steps to decrease attrition in registered nursing programs, and other higher education programs of study.</p> Theresa T. Corker Lori Kupczynski Shannon L. Groff Copyright (c) 2021 Theresa T. Corker, Lori Kupczynski, Shannon L. Groff 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 17 10 29 10.24297/jssr.v17i.8983 The Benefits of Project-based Language Learning: A Case Study in a Malaysian Secondary School <p>Project -based learning (PBL) is a student-centered teaching approach that organizes learning around projects. It increases students’ motivation to learn and prepares them for the 21<sup>st</sup> century classroom demands through developing real-world experience. The purpose of this study is to explore the benefits of project-based learning on students’ in a Malaysian secondary school. This is a qualitative case study. The sample consists of 3 teachers’ from a secondary school in Malaysia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants. The collected data were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. The study revealed that the participants perceived PBL as a beneficial teaching approach that has the potential to increase student-teachers’ engagement and help them understand more deeply the subject content through self-learning and learning by doing. The advantages of using PBL discussed by the participants were improved lecturer-student and student-lecturer relationships, skill development and real-world practice. The results of this research show that student-teachers’ understand PBL from both positive and negative perspectives. It is considered that findings of this study would improve students-teachers’ motivation and equip them with the necessary skills to successfully implement PBL.</p> Ramesh Sathappan Premaraj Gurusamy Copyright (c) 2021 Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj Gurusamy 2021-02-28 2021-02-28 17 1 9 10.24297/jssr.v17i.8970