Hawking Radiation is Nothing: Developed Correlation of Entropy with Black Hole Area


  • Sayed El-Mongy Ex. V. Chairman of Egypt Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ENRRA)




Black hole anatomy, Different entropy-surface area proportional constant, Sayed Ts formula


Read is the first word and divine order in the Holy Quran. My lovely physics does not answer many mysteries in the universe including black holes. The observed ordinary matter in the universe is only ~5 %. The remaining is 27% dark matter and approximately 68% dark energy of. This paper introduces a developed model and concept to black hole anatomy and entropy-surface area correlation. It considers the stationary black hole a one entity of 4 concentric spheres around the singularity. They are the event horizon, photon sphere at 1.5Rs, unstable light sphere at 2.6Rs and innermost stable particle sphere at 3Rs. An equation (Sayed Ts formula) was derived excluded heuristics of Professor S. Hawking. This formula is based on different proportional constant between entropy and black hole surface area; not ¼ as He conjectured. In spite of my respect and humanity sympathy with Prof. Hawking, his tombstone equation should be corrected. There is neither radiation escape from black holes nor any signal detected due to micro black holes evaporation. Finally, it can be stated that Hawking radiation is Nothing.


Download data is not yet available.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole. Last edited on Oct. 2020.


Event Horizon Telescope) 2019). The first direct image of a black hole and its vicinity. Rob Roodenburg, et al, Schiedam. www.loop-doctor.nl

S.Hawking, (2014). God particle could wipe out the universe. https://www.livescience.com/47737-stephen-hawking-higgs-boson-universe-doomsday.html.

Stephen Hawking et al (2018). A smooth exit from eternal inflation?. Online in the Journal of High Energy Physics. arXiv 1707.07702v3.

Steven Hawking, (2014). Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes. Cornell University web site. arXiv:1401.5761.

Steven W. Hawking, (1975). Particle Creation by Black Holes. Springer-Verlag, Commun. math. Phys. 43, 199—220

T R Govindarajan et al., (2001). Logarithmic correction to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the BTZ black hole, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Volume 18

Julie Hlavacek-Larrondo, et al., (2020). Black Hole Fails to Do Its Job. Astrophysical Journal Letters. https://phys.org/news/2020-08-black-hole-job.html.

Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo, (2015). Detection of gravitational waves from merging black holes.

Govert Schilling, (2020). Record-Breaking signal reveals new population of black holes. Sky & Telescope journal. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/

E. Platts et al. (2020). A Data-driven Technique Using Millisecond Transients to Measure the Milky Way Halo. ApJL 895 L49. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ab930a

Monica Young, (2020). See the invisible: A gallery of magnetic fields. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/gallery-magnetic-fields/

European Southern Observatory`s Very Large Telescope (ESO), (2020). Very Large Telescope spots galaxies trapped in the web of a supermassive black hole. https://phys.org/news/2020-10-large-telescope-galaxies-web-supermassive.html.

Jacob Monash, (2019). Blacks Holes from Paper to Picture. The 100 year journey from Einstein’s theory to your screen. https://gosciencecrazy.com/blogs/blog-science-crazy/blacks-holes-from-paper-to-picture-the-100-year-journey.

Sten Odenwald, (2019), Black hole math., NASA, Booklet, grant NNH06ZDA001N-EPO from NASA's Science Mission Directorate, http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov.

R. Lambourne, (2010). Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology. Cambridge. eBook. ISBN-13: 978-0521131384

Fernando Porcelli* and Giancarlo Scibona, )2010). On the Black Hole’s Thermodynamics and the Entropic Origin of Gravity. arXiv:1011.0895v1 [gr-qc]

Noah Miller, (2018). Black Holes, Hawking Radiation, and the Firewall (for CS229). https://scholar.harvard.edu/noahmiller/home

Grzegorz Koczan, (2018). Derivation of Hawking Radiation: Part I. Gravity and Thermodynamics of Black Holes. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327944980.

Don N Page, (2005). Hawking radiation and black hole thermodynamics. New Journal of Physics 7 , 203.




How to Cite

El-Mongy, S. (2020). Hawking Radiation is Nothing: Developed Correlation of Entropy with Black Hole Area. JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, 18, 143-149. https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v18i.8905