JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS Khalsa Publications en-US JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS 2347-3487 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Study of Nuclear Structure for 36Si Isotope by Using Shell Model with Several Interactions <p>In this study, the nuclear shell model was applied to calculate the energy levels and reduced electric quadruple transition probability B(E2) for <sup>3</sup><sup>6</sup>Si isotope using the OXBASH code within (1d3/2, 2s1/2, 2p3/2, 1f7/2) model space and using (HASN, ZBM2 and VPTH) interactions, As this isotope contains eight neutrons outside <sup>28</sup>Si core in the region and when comparing the results of this study with the values. Available process compatibility was acceptable. There was good agreement at level 2<sup>+</sup><sub>1,</sub> and angular momentum and parity were confirmed for levels 4+<sub>, </sub>6+, and for all interactions, and the value of B(E2) corresponds well with the only practical value available for the transition .</p> Ali K. Hasan Wafaa Al-mudhafar Copyright (c) 2020 Ali K. Hasan, Wafaa Al-mudhafar 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 18 58 65 10.24297/jap.v18i.8842 There are two solutions to the equations of Feynman’s Quantum Electrodynamics (QED): the newly discovered solution is free of quantum weirdness <p>No one previously noticed there is a second solution to the equations of Richard Feynman’s Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). It makes identical predictions in the lab. The new solution (Reverse-QED) is closer to nature: it is free of quantum weirdness. For example, it eliminates Schrödinger’s cat. This article is the first time the equations of R-QED have been published. The R-QED amplitude is the negative of Feynman’s amplitude. Because of the Born rule, both amplitude and negative amplitude, when squared, produce the same probability to be tested against empirical data. If you were to measure the distance from Los Angeles to New York City with R-QED’s accuracy, it would be exact to the breadth of a human hair. If reality corresponds to the newly discovered R-QED equations, but scientists use the old QED equations, the result would be predictions for the lab that are precisely accurate, but scientists would be unable to construct a coherent picture of the quantum world. R-QED is based on a different picture of how the quantum world is organized. Experiments, including a neutron interferometer experiment we review, show that particles follow waves backward. R-QED integrates in the same direction that the waves travel.</p> Jeffrey H. Boyd Copyright (c) 2020 Jeffrey H. Boyd 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 18 39 57 10.24297/jap.v18i.8831 Magnetism: Entanglement, Konke and the Magnet as Discrete <p>Understanding that everything is in a relationship led us to ask what then is the relationship that caused particles to be. Our investigation led us to understand that all particles are made up of the same stuff we called konke, Something that has experimental backing. Understanding that this konke must get into relationships so that we get particles, we have a chance to look at particles from what they are made off understanding. It is how much of konke that gives a particle mass and its categorization. What is the nature of magnetism from the viewpoint that all things are made of the same stuff, konke. Two simple experiments are requiring a vacuum that will help solve the nature of magnetism, which should end up as a discrete phenomenon, like all other phenomena. Rely on experimentation as much as possible.</p> Bhekuzulu Khumalo Copyright (c) 2020 Bhekuzulu Khumalo 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 18 29 38 10.24297/jap.v18i.8811 Far-Field, Radiation Resistance and temperature of Hertzian Dipole Antenna in Lossless Medium with Momentum and Energy Flow in the Far- Zone <p>A Far-field with calculation of intrinsic impedance, ohmic heating and antenna temperature of radiated ideal (Hertzian) dipole antenna have been discussed in free space and lossless background. Actually, there is great important to analysis the radiation resistance mechanism of a Hertzian dipole antenna in an infinite isotropic lossless medium. We also discussed the momentum and energy flow in electromagnetic fields with investigation that wavefront/phase velocity is equals to light speed in far zone. The temperature of lossless Hertzian antenna is equal to brightness temperature T<sub>o</sub>.</p> Osama M. Abo-Seida N.T.M.Eldabe Ahmed Refaie Ali Gamil.Ali Shalaby Copyright (c) 2020 Osama M. Abo-Seida, N.T.M.Eldabe, Ahmed Refaie Ali; Gamil.Ali Shalaby 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 18 20 28 10.24297/jap.v18i.8803 Extraction of temperature-dependent exciton-polariton damping in InP bulk crystal <p>The temperature dependence of exciton-polariton damping in InP bulk crystal was extracted by the method of integrated absorption. The extraction procedure excluding the contribution of inhomogeneous broadening into the exciton ground state absorption linewidth is graphically illustrated. The extracted temperature-dependent damping is analyzed regarding the primary dissipative mechanism in order to determine the material parameters of exciton-polariton scattering by acoustic and optical phonons.</p> S. A. Vaganov Copyright (c) 2020 S. A. Vaganov 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 18 15 19 10.24297/jap.v18i.8805 Composantes de joint de soudage par fusion <p>The purpose of this article is to review the basic principles governing the evolution of the composition of the welding joint. The susceptibility to cracking of welded structures is a function of the microstructure, the environment, and the stresses applied; it is essential to understand the basic principles of the composition and evolution of the microstructure during welding. This article will focus primarily on fusion welding.</p> A. NAIT SALAH M. KADDAMI Copyright (c) 2020 A. NAIT SALAH, M. KADDAMI 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 18 9 14 10.24297/jap.v18i.8780 Konke, Gravity, Particle Relationships <p>The stars and the particle colliders prove that all things are made up of the same thing. This same thing has been called Konke. This was discussed in the paper “The Algorithm of Information and the Origin of Basic Particles.” This paper will show that this konke must get into relationships to become basic mass, particles. It will show how we categorize particles by mass and the behavior of that mass in the same class of particles. Because we know everything is in a relationship and all relationships take energy to maintain, resulting in a loss of freedom giving that relationship structure, there must be another variable that provides the energy for konke to get into a variable. This other variable is called V<sub>2</sub>, or variable 2. This V<sub>2</sub> would be considered the original force as it allows konke to get into relationships; it thus gives other forces the ability to exist. Theoretically, this V2 behaves in many ways to what has been termed gravity. A collider is proof enough for konke given the first law of thermodynamics; energy can neither be created nor destroyed.</p> Bhekuzulu Khumalo Copyright (c) 2020 Bhekuzulu Khumalo 2020-07-08 2020-07-08 18 1 8 10.24297/jap.v18i.8794