https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/issue/feed JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS 2020-07-08T10:02:45+00:00 Editorial Office editor@rajpub.com Open Journal Systems https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/8780 Composantes de joint de soudage par fusion 2020-06-11T10:17:02+00:00 A. NAIT SALAH a.naitsalah@uhp.ac.ma M. KADDAMI a.naitsalah@uhp.ac.ma <p>The purpose of this article is to review the basic principles governing the evolution of the composition of the welding joint. The susceptibility to cracking of welded structures is a function of the microstructure, the environment, and the stresses applied; it is essential to understand the basic principles of the composition and evolution of the microstructure during welding. This article will focus primarily on fusion welding.</p> 2020-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 A. NAIT SALAH, M. KADDAMI https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/8794 Konke, Gravity, Particle Relationships 2020-06-20T05:02:55+00:00 Bhekuzulu Khumalo bhekuzulu.khumalo@gmail.com <p>The stars and the particle colliders prove that all things are made up of the same thing. This same thing has been called Konke. This was discussed in the paper “The Algorithm of Information and the Origin of Basic Particles.” This paper will show that this konke must get into relationships to become basic mass, particles. It will show how we categorize particles by mass and the behavior of that mass in the same class of particles. Because we know everything is in a relationship and all relationships take energy to maintain, resulting in a loss of freedom giving that relationship structure, there must be another variable that provides the energy for konke to get into a variable. This other variable is called V<sub>2</sub>, or variable 2. This V<sub>2</sub> would be considered the original force as it allows konke to get into relationships; it thus gives other forces the ability to exist. Theoretically, this V2 behaves in many ways to what has been termed gravity. A collider is proof enough for konke given the first law of thermodynamics; energy can neither be created nor destroyed.</p> 2020-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Bhekuzulu Khumalo