Using Fluridone Herbicide Systems for Weed Control in Texas Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.)

Herbicides used in cotton production in Texas

Authors

  • James Grichar Texas A&M AgriLife Research
  • Pete Texas Tech University
  • Josh Texas A&M AgriLife Extension

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v11i.8618

Keywords:

Amaranthus Palmeri S. Wats, Cucumis Melo L, Cotton Yield, Gossypium Hirsutum, Preemergence, Preemergence Urochloa Texana L

Abstract

Studies were conducted during 2015 through 2018 in south-central, Coastal Bend, and Southern High Plains areas of Texas to evaluate fluridone herbicide systems for weed control and cotton response. Fluridone alone at 0.17 to 0.23 kg ai ha-1 followed by postemergence (POST) herbicides controlled Amaranthus Palmeri 82 to 100% season-long while Cucumis melo control ranged from 92 to 100%. Control of Urochloa Texana with fluridone alone ranged from 40 to 96% early-season while late-season control ranged from 37 to 96%. Fluridone plus fomesafen systems controlled A. Palmeri, C. Melo, and U. Texana at least 98% early season; however, late-season control of A. Palmeri was less than 70% while C. Melo control was 91% and U. Texana control was 80%. Adding a POST application of glyphosate to fluridone plus fomesafen improved control to at least 98% for all three weed species. Fluridone plus fluometuron combinations provided similar control to fluridone plus fomesafen. Adding glyphosate (POST) improved A. Palmeri control to at least 82% season-long. Cotton yields reflect the level of weed control with significantly better yields from fluridone systems compared with the weedy check. However, in the one year when the untreated was maintained weed-free, no differences in cotton yield were noted between the weed-free and any herbicide treatment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

James Grichar, Texas A&M AgriLife Research

Texas A&M AgriLife Research, 10345 State Highway 44

Pete, Texas Tech University

Texas A&M AgriLife Research, and Texas AgriLife Extension Service,

Josh, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, 10345 State Highway 44

References

Anonymous. (2009). Monsanto Biotechnology Trait Acres: Fiscal Years 1996-2009. Available: http://www.monsanto.com/investors/documents/2009/q4.biotech.acres. [11 February, 2019].

Anonymous. Palmer amaranth –weed of two years-2014-2015. (2015).]. Available:

https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/weeds/weed-of-the-year-files/palmer-amaranth-2. [11 February, 2019].

Arnold, W. R. (1979). Fluridone-a new aquatic herbicide. J. Aquat. Plant Manag. 7: 30-33.

Banks, P. A, Ketchersid, M. L., and Merkle, M. G. (1979). The persistence of fluridone to various soils under field and controlled conditions. Weed Sci. 27: 631-633.

Banks, P. A., and Merkle, M. G. (1979). Field evaluations of the herbicide effects of fluridone on two soils. Agron. J. 71: 759-762.

Bartels, P.G., and Watson, C. W. (1978). Inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis by fluridone and norflurazon. Weed Sci. 26: 198-203.

Bond, J. A., and Oliver, L. R. (2006). Comparative growth of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri)

accessions. Weed Sci. 54: 121-126.

Braswell, L. R., Cahoon, Jr. C. W., Seagroves, R. W., Jordan, D. L., and York, A. C. (2016). Integrating fluridone into a glufosinate-based program for Palmer amaranth control in cotton. J. Cotton, Sci. 20: 394-402.

Cahoon, C. W., York, A. C., Jordan, D. L., Seagroves, R. W., Everman, W. J., and Jennings, K. M. (2015). Fluridone carryover to rotational crops following application to cotton. J. Cotton, Sci. 19: 631-640.

Correll, D. S., and Johnston, M. C. (1979). Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas, 2nd ed. University

Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX. Pp 555-556.

Culpepper, A. S. (2006). Glyphosate-induced weed shifts. Weed Technol. 20: 277-281.

Owen, M. D. K. (2008). Weed species shifts in glyphosate-resistant crops. Pest Manage. Sci. 64: 377-387.

Elmore, C. D., editor. (1985). Weed Identification Guide, Champaign, Ill.: South. Weed Sci. Soc. 225 p.

Fox, A. M., Haller, W. T., and Shilling, D. G. [1994]. Use of fluridone for hydrilla management in the Withlacooche River, Florida. J. Aquat. Plant Manage. 32: 47-55.

Franssen, A. S., Skinner, D. Z., Al-Khatib, K., Horak, M. J., and Kulakow, P. A. (2001a). Interspecific hybridization and gene flow of ALS-resistance in Amaranthus species. Weed Sci. 49: 598-606.

Franssen, A. S., Skinner, D. Z., Al-Khatib, K., and Horak, M. J. (2001b). Pollen morphological differences in Amaranthus species and interspecific hybrids. Weed Sci. 49: 732-737.

Frans, R., Talbert, R., Marx, D., and Crowley, H. (1986). Experimental design and techniques for measuring and analyzing plant responses to weed control practices. In: Camper, N. D., (ed.). Research Methods in Weed Science. 3rd ed. Champaign, IL: Southern Weed Science Society. Pp. 29-46.

Guo, P., and Al-Khatib, K. (2003). Temperature effects on germination and growth of redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Palmer amaranth (A. Palmeri), and common waterhemp (A. rudis). Weed Sci. 51: 329-333.

Hayes, R. M., Mueller, T. C., Willis, J. B., and Montgomery, R. F. (2002). Glyphosate-resistant horseweed and factors influencing its control. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 55: 119-120.

Heap, I. The international survey of herbicide-resistant weeds. (2014). Available: http://www.weedscience.com. pdf. [8 February 2019].

Hill, Z.T., Norsworthy, J. K., Barber, L. T., and Gbur, E. (2017). Assessing the potential for fluridone to

reduce the number of postemergence herbicide applications in glyphosate-resistant cotton. J. Cotton

Sci. 21: 175-182.

Horak, M. J., and Loughin, T. M. (2000). Growth analysis of four Amaranthus species. Weed Sci. 48: 347- 355.

Johnson, W. G., Bradley, P. R., Hart, S. E., Buesinger, M. .L, and Massey, R. E. (2000). Efficacy and economics of weed management in glyphosate-resistant corn (Zea mays). Weed Technol. 14: 578-585.

Keeley, P. E., Carter, C. H., and Thullen, R. J. (1987). Influence of planting date on growth of Palmer

amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri). Weed Sci. 35: 199-204.

Koschnick, T. J., Haller, W. T., Vandiver, W., and Santra, U. (2003). Efficacy and residue comparisons between two slow-release formulations of fluridone. J. Aquat. Plant Manage. 41: 25-27.

Kowalczyk-Schroder, S., and Sandmann, G. (1992). Interference of fluridone with the desaturation of phytoene by membranes of the cyanobacterium Aphanocapsa. Pestic. Biochem. Phys. 42: 7-12.

Legleiter, T., and Bradley, K. (2008). Glyphosate and multiple herbicide resistance in common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) populations from Missouri. Weed Sci. 56: 582-587.

Light, G. G., Mohammed, M. Y., Dotray, P. A., Chandler, J. M., and Wright, R. J. (2011). Glyphosate-

resistant common waterhemp (Amatanthus rudis) confirmed in Texas. Weed Technol. 25: 480-485.

McGinty, J., Kimura, E., Baumann, P., Dotray, P., and Morgan, G. (2016). Weed management in Texas cotton. Dept. Soil and Crop Science, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. SC-2016-16. Avaliable: http://soilcrop.tamu.edu [11 February 2019].

Miller, J. H., and Carter, C. H. (1983). Fluridone for annual weed control in western irrigated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Sci. 21: 290-293.

Morgan, G., Baumann, P., and Chandler, J. (2001). Competitive impact of Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) development and yield. Weed Technol. 15: 408-412.

Norsworthy, J. K., Griffith, G. M., Scott, R. C., Smith, K. L., and Oliver, L. R. (2008). Confirmation and control of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) in Arkansas. Weed Technol. 22: 108-113.

Owen, M. D. K. (2008). Weed species shifts in glyphosate-resistant crops. Pest Manage. Sci. 64: 377-387.

Richardson, R. J. (2008). Aquatic plant management and the impact of emerging herbicide resistance issues. Weed Technol. 22: 8-15.

Sauer, J. D. (1957). Recent migration and evolution of the dioecious amaranths. Evolution. 11: 11-31.

Scott, G. H., Askew, S. D., and Wilcut, J. W. (2002). Glyphosate systems for weed control in glyphosate-resistant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol. 16: 191-198.

Scroggs, D. M., Miller, D. K, Griffin, J. L., Steckel, L. E., Blouin, D. C., Stewart, A. M, and Vidrine, P. R. (2007). Reduced-input, postemergence weed control with glyphosate and residual herbicides in second-generation glyphosate-resistant cotton. Weed Technol. 21: 997-1001.

Sellers, B. A., Smeda, R. J., Johnson, W. G., Kendig, J. A., and Ellersieck, M. R. (2003). Comparative growth of six Amaranthus species in Missouri. Weed Sci. 51: 329-333.

Schroeder, J., and Banks, P. A. (1986). Persistence and activity of norflurazon and fluridone in five Georgia soils under controlled conditions. Weed Sci. 34: 599-606.

Shea, P. J., and Weber, J. B. (1980). Effect of pH and soil constituents on the persistence and availability of fluridone. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 33: 240-246.

Smith, D., Baker, R., and Steele, D. (2000). Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) impacts on yield, harvesting, and ginning in dryland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol. 14: 122-126.

Tingle, C. H., and Chandler, J. M. (1999). Smellmelon (Cucumis melo) and entireleaf morningglory (Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula) control with Staple and Roundup Ultra combinations in Roundup Ready cotton. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 52: 256.

Tingle, C. H., Steele, G. L., and Chandler, J. M. (2003). Competition and control of smellmelon (Cucumis melo var. dudaim Naud.) in cotton. Weed Sci. 51: 586-591.

Van Wychen, L. (2015). Baseline survey of the most common and troublesome weeds in the United States and Canada. Weed Science Society of America National Weed Survey Dataset. Available:

http://wssa.net/wp-content/Uploads/2015_Weed_Survey_Final.xlsx. [13 February 2019].

Waldrep, T. W., and Taylor, H. M. (1976). 1-methyl-3-phenyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-4(1H)-pyridinone, a new herbicide. J. Agric. Food Chem. 24: 1250-1251.

Weber, J. B. (1980). Ionization of buthidazole, VEL 3510, tebuthiuron, fluridone, metribuzin, and prometryn. Weed Sci. 28: 467-474.

Weber, J. B., Shea, P. H., and Weed, S. B. [1986]. Fluridone retention and release in soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 50: 582-588.

Wiggins, M. S., McClure, M.A., Hayes, R., and Steckel, L. E. (2015). Integrating cover crops and POST herbicides for glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) control in corn. Weed Technol. 29: 412-418.

Yancy, C. H. (2003). Glyphosate-resistant horseweed causing concern in North Carolina. Southeast Farm Press. Available: http://www.southeastfarmpress.com/glyphosate-resistant-horseweed-causing-concern-north-carolina. [15 February 2019].

Young, B. (2006). Changes in herbicide use patterns and production practices resulting from glyphosate-resistant crops. Weed Technol. 20: 301-307.

Downloads

Published

2020-01-30

How to Cite

Grichar, J., Dotray, P. A., & McGinty, J. (2020). Using Fluridone Herbicide Systems for Weed Control in Texas Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.): Herbicides used in cotton production in Texas. JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE, 11, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.24297/jaa.v11i.8618

Issue

Section

Articles