JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURE en-US <p>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).</p> (Editorial Office) (Gurpreet kaur) Thu, 30 Jan 2020 10:52:18 +0000 OJS 60 Using Fluridone Herbicide Systems for Weed Control in Texas Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) <p>Studies were conducted during 2015 through 2018 in south-central, Coastal Bend, and Southern High Plains areas of Texas to evaluate fluridone herbicide systems for weed control and cotton response. Fluridone alone at 0.17 to 0.23 kg ai ha<sup>-1</sup> followed by postemergence (POST) herbicides controlled <em>Amaranthus Palmeri</em> 82 to 100% season-long while <em>Cucumis melo</em> control ranged from 92 to 100%. Control of <em>Urochloa Texana</em> with fluridone alone ranged from 40 to 96% early-season while late-season control ranged from 37 to 96%. Fluridone plus fomesafen systems controlled <em>A. Palmeri</em>, <em>C. Melo</em>, and <em>U. Texana</em> at least 98% early season; however, late-season control of <em>A. Palmeri</em> was less than 70% while <em>C. Melo</em> control was 91% and <em>U. Texana</em> control was 80%. Adding a POST application of glyphosate to fluridone plus fomesafen improved control to at least 98% for all three weed species. Fluridone plus fluometuron combinations provided similar control to fluridone plus fomesafen. Adding glyphosate (POST) improved <em>A. Palmeri</em> control to at least 82% season-long. Cotton yields reflect the level of weed control with significantly better yields from fluridone systems compared with the weedy check. However, in the one year when the untreated was maintained weed-free, no differences in cotton yield were noted between the weed-free and any herbicide treatment.</p> James Grichar, Peter A. Dotray, Joshua McGinty Copyright (c) 2020 James Grichar, Peter A. Dotray, Joshua McGinty Thu, 30 Jan 2020 09:31:34 +0000 Scientific Validity of Approaches to Solving a Number of Agricultural Problems in Azerbaijan <p>Annotation: The Republic of Azerbaijan, which translates into a physically-geographical area, a way to the eastern part of the Caucasus, where the Big and Small Caucasus, Tallinn Region, Kurinskaya oblast and Nakhichevan. The Republic is 86.6 this. Per km<sup>2</sup> or 40% of the landfill make up the oil, 60% of the landfill, and snow. He small Caucasus and its lowlands, the complex geographical location of Azerbaijan's historic lands, have been inhabited for thousands of years and have been used extensively in agriculture and livestock. The complexity of the natural conditions here and the ineffective activities of people have led to increased anthropogenic pressures and exogenous processes, which have led to catastrophic erosion processes that have developed and developed. The results of the soil-erosion study conducted in the occupied territories of the region (2004-2012) show that all types of erosion, including surface, linear, silt, grass, as a result of the complex geological and geomorphological situation of the Karabakh region and the combined impact of anthropogenic pressure. Wind and military erosion have developed in a wide range and are measured by the following average statistics. Goranboy-40.9%; Tartar - 45.0%; Aghdam - 31.3%; Barda - 23.2%, Yevlakh - 26.4%; Kelbajar - 52.4%; Beylagan - 19.8%; Aghjabadi - 15.7%; Fizuli - 45.7%; Gabriel - 63.3%; Zinc - 57.7%; Qubatly - 44.0%; Lachin - 48.0%; Serum-20.9%; Upper Karabakh - 37.0%, which means that 884,000 ha of agricultural land is in danger of being out of crop rotation.</p> RAE. Z. H. Aliyev, A. B. Jafarov Copyright (c) 2020 RAE. Z. H. Aliyev, A. B. Jafarov Thu, 30 Jan 2020 09:21:36 +0000 Effect of Insect Pollination on the Yield of Sesamum Indicum (Pedaliaceae) in Maroua-Cameroon <p>From July to October 2015 and 2018 at Maroua, <em>Sesamum indicum</em> flowers were observed to determine the reproductive system, specific richness, relative frequency, and impact of the insects on the yields. 7800 and 4560 flower clusters for each studied were labeled and divided into two treatments, differentiated according to the presence or absence of protection against insect’s activities. Observations were made on free-pollinated <em>S. indicum</em> flowers from September to October 2015 and 2018. The sesame is a mixed pollination plant, and the specific richness of the flowering insects was 19 species. The insects foraged the flowers of the sesame from 7:00 am to 4:00 pm, with the peak of the activity of the set of visits of them located between 9:00 am, and 10:00 am (28.59 %). These insects developed and elaborated behavior when they collected the nectar and pollen. Free-pollination produced more yield than pollination restricted with gauze bags. The influence of the insects estimated at 50.84 %, 17.22 %, 58.77 %, and 09.55 % for the fruiting rate, the number of seeds/fruit, the percentage of the average weight of seeds, and the percentage of normal seeds respectively. This study provided some knowledge about the insect’s diversity of this Pedaliaceae, which can be exploited to improve fruit production. In order to improve the yield of <em>S. indicum</em>, pollinators could be protected by rational pest management tactics. Pesticide treatments should be done in the late afternoon to protect the pollinators for high seed yield or spray at a time of day when crop flowers are closed.</p> Joseph Blaise Pando, Denis Djonwangwé, Olivier Balti Moudelsia, Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo, Joseph Lebel Tamesse Copyright (c) 2020 Joseph Blaise Pando, Denis Djonwangwé, Olivier Balti Moudelsia, Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo, Joseph Lebel Tamesse Fri, 06 Mar 2020 04:01:41 +0000 Preliminary in Vitro Investigations on The Inhibitory Activity of The Original Dietary Supplement Oxidal® on Pathogenic Bacterial Strains <p>The antimicrobial action of the dietary supplement Oxidal® was tested using the classic Bauer and Kirby agar-gel diffusion method. Clinical and reference strains of <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> and <em>Escherichia coli</em> were used in the studies.&nbsp;The tested dietary supplement showed a well-pronounced inhibitory effect against the microbial strains commensurable with that of the broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic agent Enrofloxacin and showed even higher activity than the broad spectrum antibiotic Thiamphenicol. The proven inhibitory effect of the tested dietary supplement against the examined pathogenic bacteria is in accordance with the established clinical effectiveness standards for antimicrobial agents.</p> Prof. Teodora P. Popova, Toshka Petrova, Ignat Ignatov, Stoil Karadzhov Copyright (c) 2020 Prof. Teodora P. Popova, Toshka Petrova, Ignat Ignatov, Stoil Karadzhov Mon, 30 Mar 2020 08:36:00 +0000