FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO PARENTAL AWARENESS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AMONG THAI PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

  • Jittima Rodsawad Health Impact Assessment Division, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health Tiwanon Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000,Thailand
  • Lertchai Charerntanyarak Faculty of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Khon Kaen University 123 Mittrapap Road, Amphur Muang, Khon Kaen Province 42000, Thailand
  • Benjawan Tawatsupa Health Impact Assessment Division, Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health Tiwanon Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000,Thailand
Keywords: childhood, obesity, parental awareness, Thai preschool children

Abstract

Thailand is undergoing nutritional transition from replacement of underweight to high prevalence of overweight and obesity in children. Family environment play critical role for successful prevention in childhood obesity. This study aims to determine factors contributing to awareness about childhood obesity among the parents and guardians of preschool children in an urban area of Nakon Prathom province, Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 588 parents or guardians of preschool children at levels 1 and 2 of a kindergarten school. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to analyze related factors and covariates influencing parental awareness. A total of 495 (84.2%) completed questionnaires. Parental awareness was significantly associated to their education level and their beliefs regarding various approaches to combating childhood obesity. A number of demographic variables (age, household monthly income, family caregiver) had no statistically significant associations with parental awareness. The study indicated that incorrect beliefs increased the risk of low parental awareness about childhood obesity. Health education should be provided to increase knowledge of parents and guardians about ways of dealing with the problems of obesity and to help them to maintain healthy weights in their children.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Sakamoto N, Wansorn S, Tontisirin K, Marui E. A social epidemiologic study of obesity among preschool children in Thailand. International Journal Obesity. 2001;25:389-94. 2. Kosulwat V. The nutrition and health transition in Thailand. Public Heath Nutrition. 2001;5(1A):183-9. 3. Dietz WH, Robinson TN. Clinical practice. Overweight children and adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2005 May 19;352(20):2100-9. 4. Reilly JJ, Methven E, McDowell ZC, Hacking B, Alexander D, Stewart L, et al. Health consequences of obesity. Arch Dis Child. 2003 Sep;88(9):748-52. 5. Golan M, Crow S. Parents are key players in the prevention and treatment of weight-related problems. Nutr Rev. 2004 Jan;62(1):39-50. 6. Arredondo EM, Elder JP, Ayala GX, Campbell N, Baquero B, Duerksen S. Is parenting style related to children's healthy eating and physical activity in Latino families? Health Educ Res. 2006 Dec;21(6):862-71. 7. Birch LL, Fisher JO. Mothers' child-feeding practices influence daughters' eating and weight. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 May;71(5):1054-61. 8. Hesketh K, Waters E, Green J, Salmon L, Williams J. Healthy eating, activity and obesity prevention: a qualitative study of parent and child perceptions in Australia. Health Promot Int. 2005 Mar;20(1):19-26. 9. Stanton B, Cole M, Galbraith J, Li X, Pendleton S, Cottrel L, et al. Randomized trial of a parent intervention: parents can make a difference in long-term adolescent risk behaviors, perceptions, and knowledge. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Oct;158(10):947-55. 10. Vanhala ML, Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi SM, Kaikkonen KM, Laitinen JH, Korpelainen RI. Factors associated with parental recognition of a child's overweight status--a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:665. 11. Johannsen DL, Johannsen NM, Specker BL. Influence of parents' eating behaviors and child feeding practices on children's weight status. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Mar;14(3):431-9. 12. Eckstein KC, Mikhail LM, Ariza AJ, Thomson JS, Millard SC, Binns HJ. Parents' perceptions of their child's weight and health. Pediatrics. 2006 Mar;117(3):681-90. 13. Clark HR, Goyder E, Bissell P, Blank L, Peters J. How do parents' child-feeding behaviours influence child weight? Implications for childhood obesity policy. J Public Health (Oxf). 2007 Jun;29(2):132-41.
Published
2015-02-16
How to Cite
Rodsawad, J., Charerntanyarak, L., & Tawatsupa, B. (2015). FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO PARENTAL AWARENESS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY AMONG THAI PRESCHOOL CHILDREN. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, 6(3), 1159-1167. https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v6i3.4333
Section
Articles