Design study of a disruptive self-powered power plant prototype


  • Ramon Ferreiro Garcia Victor Lopez Seoane, No 5, 2º, Izq, 15007 A Corua



vacuum-based work, self-feeding engine, self-powered engine, cooling-based work, contraction work


This research work discusses a preliminary disruptive prototype design of a self-powered thermal power plant doing work by strictly isothermal closed processes using forced convection heat transfer both for adding and extracting heat. It includes useful work by expansion and vacuum-based contraction due to adding heat to and extracting heat from a working fluid. A cycle analysis considering useful work due to vacuum-based contraction is the core of the problem-solving methodology. The findings will be applied to the prototyping implementation task, which includes the cascade and series of cascade coupling of several regenerative power units. The empirical results of the case studies provide the data needed to carry out a prototyping task considering the results of real cases subjected to realistic irreversibilities and heat recovery factors that make the self-feeding power plant an interesting design option. This extraordinary result confirms the technical viability of real machines that exhibit the ability to provide more energy than they use, that is, second-class perpetual motion machines


Download data is not yet available.


Wikipedia. Thomas Savery.

Wikipedia. Thomas Newcomen.;

Wikipedia. James Watt:; and

J.G. van der Kooij. “The Invention of the Steam Engine” Version 1.1 (January 2015) SBN-10: 1502809095 ISBN-13: 978-1502809094. Copyright © 2015 B. J. G. van der Kooij. Available on: The_Invention_of_the_Steam_Engine_TU-Delft_Edition (2).pdf; Available on:; Available on:;

Nuvolari. Alessandro. “The making of steam power technology”. A Study of Technical Change during the British Industrial Revolution. Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. 2004. –Proefschrift- . ISBN 90-386-2077-2. Printing: Eindhoven University Press. Available on:;

Müller. Gerald. The atmospheric steam engine as energy converter for low and medium temperature thermal energy. Renewable energy. 2013. vol. 53. p. 94-100.;

Gerald Müller. George Parker. Experimental investigation of the atmospheric steam engine with forced expansion. Renewable Energy. Vol. 75. 2015. pp 348-355. ISSN 0960-1481.;

Vítor Augusto Andreghetto Bortolin. Bernardo Luiz Harry Diniz Lemos. Rodrigo de Lima Amaral. Cesar Monzu Freire & Julio Romano Meneghini. Thermodynamical model of an atmospheric steam engine. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering Vol. 43. 493 (2021).

Knowlen C. Williams J. Mattick A. Deparis H. Hertzberg A. Quasi-isothermal expansion engines for liquid nitrogen automotive propulsion. 1997. SAE paper 972649.

Cicconardi S. Jannelli E. Perna A. Spazzafumo G. A steam cycle with an isothermal expansion: the effect of flow variation. Int J Hydrogen Energy 1999;24(1):53-57

Cicconardi S. Jannelli E. Perna A. Spazzafumo G. Parametric analysis of a steam cycle with a quasi-isothermal expansion. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2001;26(3): 275-279.

Park JK. Ro PI. Lim SD. Mazzoleni AP. Quinlan B. Analysis and optimization of a quasi-isothermal compression and expansion cycle for ocean compressed air energy storage (OCAES). In: Oceans. 2012. IEEE; 2012. pp. 1-8

Kim Y-M. Shin D-G. Lee S-Y. Favrat D. Isothermal transcritical CO2 cycles with TES (thermal energy storage) for electricity storage. Energy 2013;49: 484-501.

Opubo N. Igobo. Philip A. Davies. A high-efficiency solar Rankine engine with isothermal expansion. Int J Low-Carbon Technol. 2013; 8(Suppl. 1):i27-33.

Opubo N. Igobo. Philip A. Davies. Review of low-temperature vapor power cycle engines with quasi-isothermal expansion. Energy 70 (2014) 22-34.

Ferreiro R. Ferreiro B. Isothermal and Adiabatic Expansion Based Trilateral Cycles. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 2015; (8) 5: 448-460.

Ferreiro R.. Ferreiro B.. The Behavior of Some Working Fluids Applied on the Trilateral Cycles with Isothermal Controlled Expansion. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 2015; (9) 5: 694 450-463.

Ramon Ferreiro Garcia. Jose Carbia Carril, Closed Processes Based Heat-Work Interactions Doing Useful Work by Adding and Releasing Heat. International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology. Volume 6. Issue 11. 2018. pp 8-23. ISSN 2349-4395 (Print) & ISSN 2349-4409 (Online). Accessed at:;

R. Ferreiro Garcia, Power Pants and Cycles: Advances and Trends, Book Publisher International, London 2020, ISBN-13 (15) 978-93-90431-67- 0;;;

Meeta Sharma. Onkar Singh. Parametric Evaluation of HRSG. Heat Transfer. Volume 43. Issue 8. 2014. Pages 691-705.

Meeta Sharma. Onkar Singh. Exergy Based Parametric Analysis of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator. Heat Transfer. Volume 45. Issue 1. 2016. Pages1-14.

Ramon Ferreiro Garcia, Jose Carbia Carril. Combined Cycle Consisting of Closed Processes Based Cycle Powered by A Reversible Heat Pump that Exceed Carnot Factor. Journal of Advances in Physics, Volume 15, (2018), Pages: 6078-6100. ISSN: 2347-3487. DOI: 10.24297/jap.v15i0.8034; Accessed at: Combined Cycle Consisting of Closed Processes Based Cycle Powered by A Reversible Heat Pump that Exceed Carnot Factor | JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS (;;

Ramón Ferreiro Garcia. Efficient disruptive power plant-based heat engines doing work by means of strictly isothermal closed processes. Journal of Advances in Physics Vol 22 (2024), p 30.53, ISSN: 2347-3487.

E. W. Lemmon, M. L. Huber, M. O. McLinden, NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties - REFPROP Version 8.0, User’s Guide, NIST, Boulder, CO. 2007.




How to Cite

Ferreiro Garcia, R. (2024). Design study of a disruptive self-powered power plant prototype. JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS, 22, 62–92.