If the propagator of QED were reversed, the mathematics of Nature would be much simpler
Keywords:Quantum ElectroDynamics, quantum field theory, Theory of Elementary Waves, TEW, quantum weirdness, richard feynman
In Quantum ElectroDynamics (QED) the propagator is a function that describes the probability amplitude of a particle going from point A to B. It summarizes the many paths of Feynman’s path integral approach. We propose a reverse propagator (R-propagator) that, prior to the particle’s emission, summarizes every possible path from B to A. Wave function collapse occurs at point A when the particle randomly chooses one and only one of many incident paths to follow backwards with a probability of one, so it inevitably strikes detector B. The propagator and R-propagator both calculate the same probability amplitude. The R-propagator has an advantage over the propagator because it solves a contradiction inside QED, namely QED says a particle must take EVERY path from A to B. With our model the particle only takes one path. The R-propagator had already taken every path into account. We propose that this tiny, infinitesimal change from propagator to R-propagator would vastly simplify the mathematics of Nature. Many experiments that currently describe the quantum world as weird, change their meaning and no longer say that. The quantum world looks and acts like the classical world of everyday experience.
Bloch, F. (1957) Generalized theory of relaxation. Physical Review, 105 1206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.105.1206
Boyd, J. H. (2020a) A tiny, counterintuitive change to the mathematics of the Schrodinger wave packet and ˝ Quantum ElectroDynamics could vastly simplify how we view Nature. Journal of Advances in Physics 17, 169-203. https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v17i.8696
Boyd, J. H. (2020b) New Schrodinger wave mathematics changes experiments from saying there is, to denying there ˝ is quantum weirdness. Journal of Advances in Mathematics 18, 82-117. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v18i.8656
Boyd, J. H. (2020c) New Schrodinger wave math changes experiments so they deny there is quantum weirdness. ˝ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_k9aDgDYUco&feature=youtu.be (access date 2020-02-24).
Boyd, J. H. (2020d) A mathematical explanation for the double slit experiment of quantum mechanics. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9dpDcF6Uhs (access date 2020-02-24).
Boyd, J. H. (2019a) Decrypting the central mystery of quantum mathematics: Part 1. New axioms explain the double slit experiment. Journal of Advances in Mathematics 17, 255-282. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v17i0.8475
Boyd, J. H. (2019b) Decrypting the Central Mystery of Quantum Mathematics: Part 2. A mountain of empirical data supports TEW. Journal of Advances in Mathematics 17, 283-314. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v17i0.8489
Boyd, J. H. (2019c) Decrypting the central mystery of quantum mathematics: Part 3. A non-Einstein, non-QM view of Bell test experiments. Journal of Advances in Mathematics 17, 315-331. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v17i0.8490
Boyd, J. H. (2019d) Decrypting the central mystery of quantum mathematics: Part 4. In what medium do Elementary Waves travel? Journal of Advances in Mathematics 17, 332-351. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v17i0.8491
Boyd, J. H. (2018a) The von Neumann and double slit paradoxes lead to a new Schrodinger wave mathematics. ˝ Journal of Advances in Physics 14, 5812-5834. https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v14i3.7820
Boyd, J. H. (2018b) The quantum world is astonishingly similar to our world: The timing of wave function collapse according to the Theory of Elementary Waves. Journal of Advances in Physics 14, 5598-5610. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v14i2.7555
Boyd, J. H. (2017) A symmetry hidden at the center of quantum mathematics causes a disconnect between quantum math and quantum mechanics. Journal of Advances in Mathematics, 13, 7379-86. DOI: 10.24297/jam.v13i4.6413.
Boyd, J. H. (2017) Paul Dirac’s view of the Theory of Elementary Waves. Journal of Advances in Physics 13, 4731-4734. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v13i3.5921
Boyd, J. H.(2017) The Boyd Conjecture. Journal of Advances in Physics 13, 4830-37.
https://doi.org/10.24297/jap.v13i4.6038 (access date 2020-02-27)
Boyd, J. H. (2015a) A paradigm shift in mathematical physics, Part 4: Quantum computers and the local realism of all 4 Bell states. Journal of Advances in Mathematics, 11, 5476-5493. https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v11i7.1224.
Boyd, J. H. (2015b) A paradigm shift in mathematical physics, Part 3: A mirror image of Feynman’s quantum electrodynamics (QED. Journal of Advances in Mathematics, 11, 3977-3991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v11i2.1283.
Boyd, J. H. (2015c) A paradigm shift in mathematical physics, Part 2: A new local realism explains Bell test & other experiments. Journal of Advances in Mathematics, 10, 3828-3839. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24297/jam.v10i9.1884.
Boyd, J. H. (2015d) A paradigm shift in mathematical physics, Part 1: The Theory of Elementary Waves (TEW). Journal of Advances in Mathematics 10, 3828-3839. http://cirworld.com/journals/index.php/jam/article/view/4719. (access date 2020-02-27)
Boyd, J. H. (2015e) The Theory of Elementary Waves eliminates Wave Particle Duality. Journal of Advances in Physics 7, 1916-1922. https://www.rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/2279. (access date 2020-02-27)
Boyd, J. H. (2015f) A new variety of local realism explains a Bell test experiment: the Theory of Elementary Waves (TEW) with no hidden variables’. Journal of Advances in Physics 8,
-58. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/A-new-variety-of-local-realism-explains-a-Bell-testBoyd/445009d95dd80180537216f953dbf4d4ddc8af7d. (access date 2020-02-27)
Boyd, J. H. (2015g) A proposed physical analog of a quantum amplitude: Corkscrew model
from the Theory of Elementary Waves (TEW). Journal of Advances in Physics 10, 2774-2783.
https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/1324 (access date 2020-02-27)
Boyd, J. H. (2013a) Re-thinking a delayed choice quantum eraser experiment: a simple baseball model. Physics Essays, 26, 100-109. DOI: 10.4006/0836-1398-26.1.100.
Boyd, J. H. (2013b) Re-thinking Alain Aspect’s 1982 Bell test experiment with delayed choice. Physics Essays,26, 582-591. https://doi.org/10.4006/0836-1398-26.4.582
Boyd, J. H. (2012) Rethinking a Wheeler delayed choice gedanken experiment. Physics Essays 25, 390-396. https://doi.org/10.4006/0836-1398-25.3.390
Carroll, L. (1871) Through the Looking Glass, Altenm˝unster, Germany: Jazzybee Verlag J˝urgen Beck. ISBN9783849621742
Davisson, C. J. and L. Germer (1927) Reflection of electrons by a crystal of nickel Nature, 119 558-560. https://doi.org/10.1038/119558a0
Davisson, C.J.,(1928a) The diffraction of electrons by a crystal of nickel Bell System Technical Journal 7 90-105. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1538-7305.1928.tb00342.x
Davisson, C. J. (1928b) Are Electrons Waves? Franklin Institute Journal 205, 597. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016- 0032(28)90979-5
Dotson, A. (2019) What a path integral problem looks like in quantum mechanics.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCkHDMsb33U (accessed 2020-04-24).
Feynman, R. P. (2010) Feynman Lectures on Physics, vol. 3 (Basic Books) ISBN-13: 978-0465025015, see pages I-1 to 1-11 discussion of the double slit experiment as the central mystery of QM.
Feynman, R. P. (1985) QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter (Princeton University Press). ISBN 978-0-691-12575-6
Feynman, R. P. (c1964-2013) The principle of least action. https://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/II_19.html (accessed 2020-04-24).
Feynman, R. P. and A. R. Hibbs (c1965) Quantum Mechanics and Path Integrals (Mineola, NY: Dover Publications). ISBN-13 978-0-468-47722-0.
Freire, O. (2003) Interview with Dr. Franco Selleri. American Institute of Physics: Oral History Interviews.
https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/28003-1. and https://www.aip.org/historyprograms/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/28003-2. (accessed July 15, 2019)
Jacques, V., E. Wu, F. Grosshans, et. al. (2007) Experimental realization of Wheeler’s delayed-choice gedanken experiment Science, 315, 966-968. DOI: 10.1126/science.1136303
Jacques, V., E. Wu, T. Toury, et. al. (2005) Single-photon wavefront-splitting Interference European Physical Journal D, 35, 966-968 561-565. DOI: 110.1140/epjd/e2005- 00201-y
Kaiser, H., R. Clothier, S. A. Werner, et. al. (1992) Coherence and spectral filtering in neutron interferometry, Physical Review 45, 31-42. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.45.31
Little, L. E. (1996) Theory of Elementary Waves. Physics Essays 9, 100-134. https://doi.org/10.4006/1.3029212
Little, L. E. (2000) Theory of Elementary Waves. Lecture at the Jet Propulsion Labs. Go to YouTube and search for “Lewis E. Little JPL” (access date Feb 17, 2020).
Little, L. E. (2009) Theory of Elementary Waves. New Classics Library, New York. ISBN: 978-161694-032-1
Pfleegor, R. L. and L. Mandel. (1967) Interference of independent photon beams. Physical Review, 159,1084-1088. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.159.1084
Pfleegor, R. L. and L. Mandel. (1968) Further experiments on interference of independent photon beams at low light levels. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 58, 946-950. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.58.000946
Raviteja, K.(2017) "Euclidean time and field theory, path integrals"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_FmiMaiciA (access date 2020-04-19).
Scully, M. O. and K. Dr˝uhl. (1982) Quantum eraser: A proposed photon correlation experiment and ’delayed choice’ in quantum mechanics. Physical Review A, 25, 2208-2213. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.25.2208
Wheeler, J. A. and R. P. Feynman (1945) Interaction with the absorber as the mechanism of ratiation. Reviews of Modern Physics, 17. 157-181. https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.17.157
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Jeffrey Boyd
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
All articles published in Journal of Advances in Linguistics are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.