JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MATHEMATICS https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam en-US <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> editor@rajpub.com (Editorial Office) jam@rajpub.comJ (Bavneet Kaur) Wed, 06 Jan 2021 08:01:43 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Coefficient Bounds and Fekete-Szeg¨o inequality for a Certain Families of Bi-Prestarlike Functions Defined by (M,N)-Lucas Polynomials https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8989 <p>In the current work, we use the (M,N)-Lucas Polynomials to introduce a new families of holomorphic and bi-Prestarlike functions defined in the unit disk O and establish upper bounds for the second and third coefficients of the Taylor-Maclaurin series expansions of functions belonging to these families. Also, we debate Fekete-Szeg¨o problem for these<br />families. Further, we point out several certain special cases for our results.</p> Najah Ali Jiben Al-Ziadi, Abbas Kareem Wanas Copyright (c) 2021 Najah Ali Jiben Al-Ziadi, Abbas Kareem Wanas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8989 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Coefficient Estimates for Some Subclasses of m-Fold Symmetric Bi-univalent Functions Defined by Linear Operator https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8976 <p> The articles introduces and investigates "two new subclasses of the bi-univalent functions ." These are analytical functions related to the m-fold symmetric function and . We calculate the initial coefficients for all the functions that belong to them, as well as the coefficients for the functions that belong to a field where finding these coefficients requires a complicated method. Between the remaining results, the upper bounds for "the initial coefficients "are found in our study as well as several examples. We also provide a general formula for the function and its inverse in the m-field. A function is called analytical if it does not take the same values twice . It is called a univalent function if it is analytical at all its points, and the function is called a bi-univalent if it and its inverse are univalent functions together. We also discuss other concepts and important terms. .</p> Dhirgam Allawy Hussein Hussein , Sahar Jaafar Mahmood Copyright (c) 2021 Dhirgam Allawy Hussein Hussein , Sahar Jaafar Mahmood https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8976 Thu, 25 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Coefficient Bounds for a New Subclasses of Bi-Univalent Functions Associated with Horadam Polynomials https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8969 <p>\In this work we present and investigate three new subclasses of the function class of bi-univalent functions in the open unit disk defined by means of the Horadam polynomials. Furthermore, for functions in each of the subclasses introduced here, we obtain upper bounds for the initial coefficients and . Also, we debate Fekete-Szegӧ inequality for functions belongs to these subclasses. </p> Najah Ali Jiben Al-Ziadi Copyright (c) 2021 Najah Ali Jiben Al-Ziadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8969 Fri, 19 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A Variable Structural Control for a Hybrid Hyperbolic Dynamic System https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8978 <p>Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with a hybrid hyperbolic dynamic system formulated by partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions. First, the system is transformed to an abstract evolution system in an appropriate Hilbert space, and spectral analysis and semigroup generation of the system operator is discussed. Subsequently, a variable structural control problem is proposed and investigated, and an equivalent control method is introduced and applied to the system. Finally, a significant result that the state of the system can be approximated by the ideal variable structural mode under control in any accuracy is derived and examined.</p> Xuezhang Hou Copyright (c) 2021 Xuezhang Hou https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8978 Thu, 11 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison among Some Methods for Estimating the Parameters of Truncated Normal Distribution https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8934 <p>The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different truncation combinations on the estimation of the normal distribution parameters. In addition, is to study methods used to estimate these parameters, including MLE, moments, and L-moment methods. On the other hand, the study discusses methods to estimate the mean and variance of the truncated normal distribution, which includes sampling from normal distribution, sampling from truncated normal distribution and censored sampling from normal distribution. We compare these methods based on the mean square errors, and the amount of bias. It turns out that the MLE method is the best method to estimate the mean and variance in most cases and the L-moment method has a performance in some cases.</p> Hilmi kittani, Mohammad Alaesa, Gharib Gharib Copyright (c) 2021 Hilmi kittani, Mohammad Alaesa, Gharib Gharib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8934 Sun, 07 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0000 On Regional Boundary Gradient Strategic Sensors In Diffusion Systems https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8953 <p>This paper is aimed at investigating and introducing the main results regarding the concept of Regional Boundary Gradient Strategic Sensors (<em>RBGS-sensors</em> the in Diffusion Distributed Parameter Systems (<em>DDP-Systems</em> . Hence, such a method is characterized by Parabolic Differential Equations (<em>PDEs</em> in which the behavior of the dynamic is created by a Semigroup ( of Strongly Continuous type (<em>SCSG</em> in a Hilbert Space (<em>HS)</em> . Additionally , the grantee conditions which ensure the description for such sensors are given respectively to together with the Regional Boundary Gradient Observability (<em>RBG-Observability</em> can be studied and achieved . Finally , the results gotten are applied to different situations with altered sensors positions are undertaken and examined.</p> Raheam Al-Saphory, Ahlam Y Al-Shaya Copyright (c) 2021 Raheam Al-Saphory, Ahlam Y Al-Shaya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8953 Sun, 28 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Coincidence points in θ - metric spaceS https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8929 <p>In this paper, inspired by the concept of metric space, two fixed point theorems for α−set-valued mapping <em>T</em>:₳ → CB(₳), h θ (Tp,Tq) ≤ α(dθ(p,q)) dθ(p,q), where α: (0,∞) → (0, 1] such that α(r) &lt; 1, ∀ t ∈ [0,∞) ) are given in complete θ −metric and then extended for two mappings with R-weakly commuting property to obtain a common coincidence point.</p> Maha Mousa, Salwa Salman Abed Copyright (c) 2021 maha mousa, Salwa Salman Abed https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8929 Sun, 14 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Squared prime numbers https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8952 <p>My investigation shows that there is a regularity even by the prime numbers. This structure is obvious when a prime square is created. The squared prime numbers.</p> <p>1.<u> Connections in a prime square</u></p> <p>A <em>prime square </em>(or origin square) is defined as a square consisting of as many boxes as the origin prim squared. This prime settle every side of the square. So, for example, the origin square 17 have got four sides with 17 boxes along every side. The prime numbers in each of the 289 boxes are filled with primes when a prime number occur in the number series (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 and so on) and then is noted in that very box.</p> <p>If a box is occupied in the origin square A this prime number could be transferred to the corresponding box in a second square B, and thereafter the counting and noting continue in the first square A. Eventually we get two filled prime squares. Analyzing these squares, you leave out the right vertical line, representing only the origin prime number,</p> <p>When a square is filled with primes you subdivide it into four corner squares, as big as possible, denoted a, b, c and d clockwise. You also get a center line between the left and right vertical sides.</p> <p>Irrespective of what kind of constellation you activate this is what you find:</p> <ol> <li>Every constellation in the corner square a and/or d added to a corresponding constellation in the corner square b and/or c is<strong> evenly divisible with the origin prime</strong>.</li> </ol> <ol start="2"> <li>Every constellation in the corner square a and/or b added to a corresponding constellation in the corner square d and/or c is <strong><em>not</em> evenly divisible with the origin prime</strong>.</li> </ol> <ol start="3"> <li>Every reflecting constellation inside two of the opposed diagonal corner squares, possibly summarized with any optional reflecting constellation inside the two other diagonal corner squares, is <strong>evenly divisible with the origin prime squared</strong>. You may even add a reflection inside the center line and get this result.</li> </ol> <p>My <strong>Conjecture 1</strong> is that this applies to every prime square without end.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol start="2"> <li><u>A formula giving all prime numbers endless</u></li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In the second prime square the prime numbers are always higher than in the first square if you compare a specific box. There is a mathematic connection between the prime numbers in the first and second square. This connection appears when you square and double the origin prime and thereafter add this number to the prime you investigate. A new higher prime is found after <em>n</em> additions.</p> <p>You start with lowest applicable prime number 3 and its square 3². Double it and you get 18. We add 18 to the six next prime numbers 5, 7, 11, 13, 17 and 19 in any order. After a few adds you get a prime and after another few adds you get another higher one. In this way you continue as long as you want to. The primes are creating themselves.</p> <p><strong>A formula giving all prime numbers is</strong>:</p> <p>&nbsp; 5+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>&nbsp; 7+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>11+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>13+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>17+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>19+18×n, +18×n, +18×n … without end</p> <p>The letter <em>n</em> in the formula stands for how many 18-adds you must do until the next prime is found.</p> <p>My <strong>Conjecture 2</strong> is that this you find every prime number by adding 18 to the primes 5, 7, 11, 13, 17 and 19 one by one endless.</p> <ol start="3"> <li><u>A method giving all prime numbers endless</u></li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;There is still a possibility to even more precise all prime numbers. You start a 5-number series derived from the start primes 7, 17, 19, 11, 13 and 5 in that very order. Factorized these number always begin with number 5. When each of these numbers are divided with five the quotient is either a prime number or a composite number containing of two or some more prime numbers in the nearby. By sorting out all the composite quotients you get all the prime numbers endless and in order.</p> <p>Every composite quotient starts with a prime from 5 and up, squared. Thereafter the quotients starting with that prime show up periodically according to a pattern of short and long sequences. The position for each new prime beginning the composite quotient is this prime squared and multiplied with 5. Thereafter the short sequence is this prime multiplied with 10, while the long sequence is this prime multiplied with 20.</p> <p>When all the composite quotients are deleted there are left several 5-numbers which divided with 5 give all prime numbers, and you even see clearly the distance between the prime numbers which for instance explain why the prime twins occur as they do.</p> <p>My <strong>Conjecture 3</strong> is that this is an exact method giving all prime numbers endless and in order.</p> Dr Gunnar Appelqvist Copyright (c) 2021 Gunnar Appelqvist https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8952 Sun, 14 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Golden Ratio https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8945 <p>This paper introduces the unique geometric features of 1:2: right triangle, which is observed to be the quintessential form of Golden Ratio (φ). The 1:2: triangle, with all its peculiar geometric attributes described herein, turns out to be the real ‘Golden Ratio Triangle’ in every sense of the term. This special right triangle also reveals the fundamental Pi:Phi (π:φ) correlation, in terms of precise geometric ratios, with an extreme level of precision. Further, this 1:2: triangle is found to have a classical geometric relationship with 3-4-5 Pythagorean triple. The perfect complementary relationship between1:2: <strong> </strong>triangle and 3-4-5 triangle not only unveils several new aspects of Golden Ratio, but it also imparts the most accurate π:φ correlation, which is firmly premised upon the classical geometric principles. Moreover, this paper introduces the concept of special right triangles; those provide the generalised geometric substantiation of all Metallic Means.</p> Dr. Chetansing Rajput Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Chetansing Rajput https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8945 Sun, 17 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 On Pointwise Product Vector Measure Duality https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8912 <p>This article is devoted to the study of pointwise product vector measure duality. The properties of Hilbert function space of integrable functions and pointwise sections of measurable sets are considered through the application of integral representation of product vector measures, inner product functions and products of measurable sets.</p> Levi Otanga Olwamba, Maurice Oduor Copyright (c) 2021 Levi Otanga Olwamba, Maurice Oduor https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8912 Wed, 06 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 For the Fourier transform of the convolution in and D' and Z' https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8927 <p>In this paper, we give another proof of the known lemma considering the Fourier transform of the convolution of a distribution and a function. Also, we give its application in the mentioned spaces.</p> Vasko Rechkoski, Bedrije Bedzeti, Vesna Manova Erakovikj Copyright (c) 2021 Vasko Rechkoski, Bedrije Bedzeti, Vesna Manova Erakovikj https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://rajpub.com/index.php/jam/article/view/8927 Wed, 06 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000