Performance Evaluation of Red Pepper Varieties and Types of Seed Bed for The Management of Root Rot (Phytophtora Capsici) Disease at Central Gondar, Northwest, Ethiopia.
Root rot caused by Phytophtora capsici is one of the most important root diseases of pepper. The experiment was conducted at Denbiya and Takusa district with aimed to evaluate effective red pepper varieties and types of seed bed against root rot disease. Five red pepper varieties namely Melka Dera, Melka Oli, Melka Zala, Marco Fana, local; and two seed bed types namely flat and raised bed were used as treatments. Treatments were arranged in a factorial combination in RCBD with three replication. Result showed that the minimum incidence and severity of 28.13 % and 19.8%, respectively was recorded from Melka Oli variety transplanted in a raised bed while the maximum incidence and a severity of 51.03% and 42.8%, respectively were recorded from local red pepper in flat seed bed. The maximum grain yield of 28.81 q/ha and insignificance yield losses were recorded from Melka Oli in raised beds while the minimum grain yield and maximum yield losses 11.12q/ha and 61.44%, respectively were recorded from local red pepper in flat seed bed. Therefore, results suggested that the use of Melka Oli variety transplanted at raised seed bed is promising for significant reduction in root rot incidence and a corresponding increase in yield of red pepper.
Berke T: The Asian vegetable research and development center pepper project. In Proceeding of the 16th International Pepper Conference Tampico Tamaulipas, Mexico. 2002
Mekonen S, Chala A: Assessment of Red Pepper (Capsicum frutescence L.) Diseases in Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ISSN (Online) 2014.
Tesfaw A: Benefit-cost analysis of growing pepper: A trial at west Gojjam, near the source of blue Nile. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 2013, 6:1203.
Shumbulo A, Nigussie M, Alamerew S: Combining ability and gene action of red pepper (Capsicum frutescence L.) genotypes in Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development 2018, 10:157-163.
Gomez-Rodriguez O, Corona-Torres T, Aguilar-Rincon VH: Differential response of red pepper (Capsicum frutescence L.) lines to Phytophthora capsici and root-knot nematodes. Crop protection 2017, 92:148-152.
Alemu H, Ermias A: Horticultural crops production and associated constraints in Northwest Ethiopia. Working paper. Agricultural Economics Research Division, Agricultural …; 2000.
Raziq F, Hussain S: Pathogenicity and loss assessment of Phytophthora capsici Leonian isolates in pepper crop under screenhouse conditions. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 2013, 29.
Hausbeck MK, Lamour KH: Phytophthora capsici on vegetable crops: research progress and management challenges. Plant Disease 2004, 88:1292-1303.
Henricot B, Perez Sierra A, Jung T: Phytophthora pachypleura sp. nov., a new species causing root rot of Aucuba japonica and other ornamentals in the United Kingdom. Plant pathology 2014, 63:1095-1109.
Babadoost M, Pavon C: Survival of oospores of Phytophthora capsici in soil. Plant disease 2013, 97:1478-1483.
Lamour KH, Stam R, Jupe J, Huitema E: The oomycete broad?host?range pathogen Phytophthora capsici. Molecular plant pathology 2012, 13:329-337.
Gonzalez M, Pujol M, Metraux JP, Gonzalez?Garcia V, Bolton MD, Borras?Hidalgo O: Tobacco leaf spot and root rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn. Molecular plant pathology 2011, 12:209-216.
Bijalwan P, Madhvi P: Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of growth and yield components of red pepper (Capsicum frutescence L) Genotypes. Intl J Sci, Res 2013, 2013:1305-1307.
Kahsay Y: Evaluation of Red Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescence L.) for Growth, Dry pod Yield and Quality at M/Lehke District, Tigray, Ethiopia. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research 2017, 5:144-152.
Delelegn S: Evaluation of Elite Red Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescence L.) for growth, dry pod yield and quality under Jimma condition, South West Ethiopia. Jimma University, 2011.
Ajala O: Employment and Income Potentiality of Tourism Development in Amhara Region Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management 2008, 1:74-82.
Abay A: Market chain analysis of red pepper: the case of Bure woreda, west Gojjam zone, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Haramaya University, 2010.
Mebratu A, Dechassa N: Response of red pepper (Capsicum frutescence L.) to the application of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers at agarfa, south-eastern highland of Ethiopia. Haramaya University, 2011.
Sanogo S: Predispositional effect of soil water saturation on infection of chile pepper by Phytophthora capsici. Hort Science 2006, 41:172-175.
Savary S, Ficke A, Aubertot J-N, Hollier C: Crop losses due to diseases and their implications for global food production losses and food security. Springer; 2012.
Madden L, Hughes G, Van den Bosch F: The study of plant disease epidemics St. Paul: The American Phytopathological Society. APS Press; 2007.
Madden LV, Hughes G, van den Bosch F: The Study of Plant Disease Epidemics. 2007.
Gomez KA, Gomez KA, Gomez AA: Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons; 1984.
Delelegne S, Belew D, Mohammed A, Getachew Y: Evaluation of Elite Red Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescence L.) for growth, dry pod yield and quality under Jimma condition, South West Ethiopia. International journal of agricultural research 2014, 9:364-374.
Alayachew SA, Atnafu DM, Gedefa SA: Research Article Genetic Diversity Study of Ethiopian Red Pepper Cultivars (Capsicum frutescence L.) Using Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) Marker. 2018.
Copyright (c) 2019 Yigerm Mengist, Abebe Birara
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).