JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY en-US <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Editorial Office) (Gurpreet Kaur) Sat, 25 Sep 2021 07:25:35 +0000 OJS 60 A Mathematical Graph-Theoretic Model of Single Point Mutations Associated with Sickle Cell Anemia Disease <p>Many diseases like cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia disease (SCD), among others, arise from single point mutations in the respective proteins. How a single point mutation might lead to a global devastating consequence on a protein remains an intellectual mystery. SCD is a genetic blood-related disorder resulting from mutations in the beta chain of the human hemoglobin protein (simply, β-globin), subsequently affecting the entire human body. Higher mortality and morbidity rates have been reported for patients with SCD, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical management of SCD often requires specialized interdisciplinary clinicians. SCD presents a major global burden, hence an improved understanding of how single point mutations in β-globin results in different phenotypes of SCD might offer insight into protein engineering, with potential therapeutic intervention in view. By use of mathematical modeling, we built a hierarchical (nested) graph-theoretic model for the β-globin. Subsequently, we quantified the network of interacting amino acid residues, representing them as molecular system of three distinct stages (levels) of interactions. Using our nested graph model, we studied the effect of virtual single point mutations in β-globin that results in varying phenotypes of SCD, visualized by unsupervised machine learning algorithm, the dendrogram.</p> Mr. Edem K. Netsey, Dr. Samuel Kakraba, Dr. Samuel M. Naandam, Mr. Aayire Clement Yadem Copyright (c) 2021 Mr. Edem K. Netsey, Dr. samuel kakraba, Dr. Samuel M. Naandam, Mr. Aayire Clement Yadem Sat, 25 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000