@article{Doria_Mendes_2023, title={On the electromagnetic symmetry producing fields charges at four bosons association}, volume={21}, url={https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/9437}, DOI={10.24297/jap.v21i.9437}, abstractNote={<p>Physics would like to know what electric charge is. As a matter property it generates EM fields, coupling constant,<br />conserved current. Nevertheless Maxwell is uncomplete. It requires to be extended. An approach is supported by<br />electric charge transfer phenomenology. Consider on three flavours charges {+, 0, −} transmission.<br />A generic electric charge is defined by the triad {+, 0, −}. It provides an exchange charge physics through the<br />quadruplet {Aμ, Uμ, V ±</p>
<p>μ }. An electromagnetic symmetry is constituted. It associates the four vectorial bosons. The<br />EM completeness of particles carrying three electric charges is found. A four photons EM is derived. It includes, Aμ as<br />the usual photon, Uμ massive photon, V<br />±<br />μ massive charged photons.</p>
<p>A new electromagnetic physics is expressed through an enlarged abelian symmetry, Uq(1). Maxwell relationships<br />between charge and fields are extended. Fields charges are more primitive than electric charge. Noether theorem<br />improves the attributes on electric charge conservation, symmetry equation and constraint. The symmetry equation<br />which govern the electric charge dynamics shows a charge behaviour beyond matter, as fields flux. EM interaction is<br />extended from fine structure constant to modulated and neutral charges.<br />The four bosons electromagnetism introduces a non-univoque electromagnetic symmetry. A pluriformity of EM models<br />is performed under similar abelian group, Uq(1). Opportunities for different EM models are constituted preserving<br />charge conservation law and sharing a common Lagrangian. Physical varieties on Noether theorem, fields strengths,<br />Lagrangian coefficients, equations of motion, fields charges are expressed. Electric charge is englobed by fields charges.<br />The simplest four bosons model is selected. That one which fields strengths are gauge invariants. Propitiating<br />measurable granular and collective fields strenghts. Four kinds of charges are expressed through equations of motion.<br />Electric, modulate, neutral and Bianchi. Allowing to include new EM sectors. Extend Maxwell for nonintegers charges,<br />nonlinearity, neutral EM, spintronics, weak interactions, photonics. A new EM energy emerges.</p>}, journal={JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS}, author={Doria, R. and Mendes, L.S.}, year={2023}, month={May}, pages={34–62} }