@article{Doria_Soares_2021, title={Spin-Valued Four Bosons Electrodynamics}, volume={19}, url={https://rajpub.com/index.php/jap/article/view/9030}, DOI={10.24297/jap.v19i.9030}, abstractNote={<p>Electromagnetism is based on electric charge and spin. The study here corresponds to understand on spin effects at a vectorial electrodynamics. Its scenario is a non-linear abelian electromagnetism where the electric charge is transmitted through a four bosons quadruplet, constituted by the usual photon, massive photon and charged massive photons. These four bosons intermediate the charge exchange Δ<em>Q</em> = 0, ±1.<br />The spin is introduced at first principles. A spintronics Lagrangian for four vector fields is performed. Considering that spin is a space-time physical entity derived from Lorentz Group, these vector fields are associated to Lorentz Group, as Lie algebra valued. Similarly to non-abelian gauge theories where A<sub>μ</sub>≡ A<sub>μ,<em>a</em></sub>t<sub>a</sub>, one introduces the relationship A<sub>μ</sub>≡ A<sub>μ,<em>κλ</em></sub><em>Σ<sup>κλ</sup></em> where (<em>Σ<sup>κλ</sup>)<sub>αβ </sub></em>is the Lorentz Group generator.</p>
<p>Thus, based on three fundamentals which are light invariance, electric charge conservation law and vector fields Lie algebra valued through Lorentz Group generators, one derives a spin-valued four vectorial electrodynamics. It is given by the fields quadruplet A<sub>μ1 </sub>≡ {A<sub>μ</sub>, U<sub>μ</sub>, V<sub>μ</sub><sup>±</sup>} where A<sub>μ</sub> means the usual photon, U<sub>μ</sub> a massive photon and V<sub>μ</sub><sup>± </sup>massive charged photons. Two novelties appear. The first one is that, new terms are developed into usual four bosons electromagnetism. They contribute to Lagrangian, equations of motion, Noether theorem. The second one is that the equations of motion derive a renormalizable spin coupling with the electric and magnetic fields.<br />There is a spin-1 electrodynamics to be investigated. A neutral electromagnetism is mandatory to be analyzed. Something beyond dipole, quadrupole and so on. Understand the role of spin in the electrical and magnetic properties of particles. A spin vectorial expression S<sup>--&gt;</sup> is obtained. It adds EM interactions not depending on electric charge and with spin interactions through electric dipole and magnetic moments.</p>}, journal={JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN PHYSICS}, author={Doria, R. and Soares, I.}, year={2021}, month={May}, pages={93–133} }