JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS https://rajpub.com/index.php/jal KHALSA PUBLICATIONS en-US JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN LINGUISTICS 2348-3024 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Language Proficiency and Economic Income of Chinese and Vietnamese Border Residents: A Case Study of Dongxing City, Guangxi Province https://rajpub.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8551 <p>Based on the full sample survey of border residents in Dongxing City, Guangxi, this paper uses language economics theory and data analysis methods to analyze the relationship between language proficiency and income of border residents in Dongxing City, Guangxi. The conclusions of the study include: multilingual ability can enhance residents' self-employment ability, obtain more employment opportunities and stable income sources, and have a positive correlation with their annual income. Putonghua popularization is an effective measure to promote poverty alleviation in border areas; Government departments should optimize and improve local industrial policies and promote the promotion and protection of traditional cultures of ethnic minorities while giving full play to the positive economic and social benefits of Putonghua popularization and cultivating new economic drivers.</p> Bian Chenglin Liu Jinlin Yang Liuyan Bian Zhiyao Copyright (c) 2020 Chenin, Liu Jinlin, Yang Liuyan 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 11 1 18 10.24297/jal.v11i.8551 Language Learning Difficulties Reported by Beginner-Level Learners of Arabic Using Online Tools https://rajpub.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8654 <p>This study examined how two classes used online supplementary material to learn Arabic and the difficulties they reported in the process of their learning. The two classes have a total of 33 students who completed the course. The data from their weekly journal entries and log information from the site where the material was housed are used to describe the extent and the ways in which students used the material and issues they faced learning Arabic. Results show that students in both classes spent roughly 265 hours practicing Arabic with an average of 8 hours per student throughout the semester and that vocabulary recall and pronunciation were key struggles in their learning. Furthermore, this paper discusses some of the themes that emerged of students’ journal entries about their learning Arabic. Further implications are provided and discussed.</p> Mahmoud Amer Copyright (c) 2020 Mahmoud Amer 2020-02-27 2020-02-27 11 19 35 10.24297/jal.v11i.8654 Impoliteness in Indonesian Language Hate Speech on Social Media Contained in the Instagram Account https://rajpub.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8655 <p>The phenomenon of hate speech is very interesting to draw. This is related to various recent events that have caused unrest in the community. Hate speech is an expression that stimulates people from certain social groups that are oriented toward differences, race, national origin, religion, and gender. The hate test in this study is seen from the perspective of the impoliteness theory. The research uses forensic theory, while the methodology uses qualitative. The data used, as many as 40 comments were used as research objects. Realization of hate speech based on impoliteness, there are 3 strategies, namely positive impoliteness strategies, negative impoliteness strategies, and satire or scoffing strategies. In other words, linguistic hate speech can be sent in the form of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and in the form of discourse.</p> Subyantoro Subyantoro Sigit Apriyanto Copyright (c) 2020 Subyantoro Subyantoro, Sigit Apriyanto 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 11 36 46 10.24297/jal.v11i.8655 Multilingualism in Hong Kong’s Formal and Informal Settings: A Brief Historical Review of The Development from The Early 1900s To the Late 2010s https://rajpub.com/index.php/jal/article/view/8691 <p>This article aims at tracing back the making of multilingualism in Hong Kong from a socio-historical viewpoint. It primarily illustrates the linguistic profiles of Cantonese, English, and Putonghua in official domains throughout the colonial period and after the 1997 handover, secondarily describing their roles in Hongkongers’ daily life. The situation of other minor languages is mentioned in passing. The snapshots reveal that a) Cantonese has developed to be a powerless lingua franca of Hongkongers, b) English has become a powerful second language with high economic value that hugely outweighs Cantonese, and that c) Putonghua has been similar to a foreign language despite its official status on the mainland. Other heritage languages of ethnic minorities have existed since the early colonial period, but they have never entered the mainstream or vastly impacted the three dominating languages. The discussion concludes that Hong Kong has yet to be a typical multilingual metropolis where citizens are fluent or native in multiple languages. It is still fluctuating in between monolingualism and multilingualism, however, showing an inclination to the latter.</p> Chun Nam Mak Copyright (c) 2020 Chun Nam Mak 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 11 47 62 10.24297/jal.v11i.8691