INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATION METHODOLOGY KHALSA PUBLICATIONS en-US INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN EDUCATION METHODOLOGY 2278-7690 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a> All articles published in <em>Journal of Advances in Linguistics</em> are licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> Political ramification on educational policy in colonial kenya <p>Colonial educational policies were marked by conflicting interests of different actors who were involved in the provision and consumption of education. Initially, education matters were left to individual colonies and voluntary agencies, but from 1925, Whitehall began to take a keen interest in the development of education in the colonies. Several educational policies were enacted, including Fraser report, the East African Protectorate Education Commission in Kenya, Phelps-stoke commission, Memorandum on education policy in British Tropical Africa, Beecher committee of 1949 and Binns committee report of 1952. These policies sought to inculcate western morals, technical skills, and the need for rural advancement. Africans did not contend with recommendations of these commissions; therefore, several institutions emerged that sought to improve educational conditions for Africans, such as political associations, Local Native councils, and Independent school associations. Data for this study was collected qualitatively; this involved both primary and secondary sources of data. The results of the study indicate that politics has a direct influence on educational policy. The study will be significant to educational stakeholders, educational policy developers, and planners, educational historians and will be used as a basis for teaching politics and education in colonial Kenya and for future research in the history of education.</p> Ngeno Kipkemoi Robert Dr Samson O. Barasa Prof. John Chang’ach Copyright (c) 2020 Ngeno Kipkemoi Robert, Dr Samson O. Barasa, Prof. John Chang’ach 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 11 77 84 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8788 Methodology to favour the assimilation of theorems <p>In this investigation, a methodology based on Social Constructivism is proposed to favor the assimilation of theorems through the process of Problem Solving in the students of the Higher Technical University level of the Autonomous University of Guerrero, Mexico. The theoretical-qualitative validation of the methodology was carried out by consulting experts who contributed to systematize the link between the theory and the methodological elements and its implication in the design of specific activities for the treatment of the theorem of variable change.</p> Armando Morales Carballo Edgardo Locia Espinoza Melvis Ramírez Barragán José María Sigarreta Almira Copyright (c) 2020 Armando Morales Carballo, Edgardo Locia Espinoza, Melvis Ramírez Barragán, and José María Sigarreta Almira 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 11 64 76 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8790 Professional Requirements for Secondary School Principals in The Light Of 21st Century Competencies <p>The research aimed to identifying the professional requirements of secondary school principals in the light of the competencies of the 21st century. The researcher used the descriptive method using the survey method because of its suitability to the nature of the research. The research sample was deliberately selected from technical instructors and secondary school teachers in some general education schools in the State of Kuwait. The sample reached (94) individuals. The researcher concluded that the professional requirements of high school principals must keep pace with the developments of the educational process in light of the competencies of the twenty-first century, which are digital-age literacy skills, Inventive thinking skills, effective communication, and high productivity skills.</p> Khaled Thaher Copyright (c) 2020 Khaled Thaher 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 11 55 63 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8692 Understanding of University Students About Improper Integral <p>The study of the understanding of mathematical concepts is of great interest for research in Mathematics Education. In this sense, an investigation is carried out on the understanding of the concept of improper integral, a basic concept from the first courses of Bachelor of Mathematics for subsequent courses. The objective is to characterize the understanding of this mathematical concept through a proficiency model for this purpose, an instrument was designed that was applied to second-year university students. The research is qualitative exploratory and is based on the framework of the Theory of records of semiotic representations.</p> Angie Damian Mojica Copyright (c) 2020 Angie Damian Mojica 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 11 36 54 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8681 Environmental Awareness of Government and Non-Government College Students of Chandigarh. <p style="text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">The present investigation is carried out to study the Environmental Awareness of Government and Non-Government College Students of Chandigarh. The sample consisted of 200 (100 male and 100 female) govt. And non-govt. College students of Chandigarh. The investigator has used. Self-prepared standardized Environmental Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ) for collection of data. The data collected was processed for statistical analysis through a t-test. There was no significant difference between boy and girl college students with regard to their Environmental Awareness (EA). A significant difference in the EA scores was found in the government and non-government college students of Chandigarh at 0.05 level, which was in favour of non-govt. College students. Also, significant difference was found in the level of EA of college students living in the rural and urban areas of Chandigarh favouring the urban group.</p> Harjeet Kaur Sra Copyright (c) 2020 Harjeet Kaur Sra 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 11 31 35 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8659 The Strategies of Developing Pre-University Education in Egypt In the Light of The Experiences of Some Foreign Countries <p>It has become satisfactorily convincing that the reformation and development of Egyptian education are inevitable. Education, in Egypt, has become one of the most rudimentary causes as it is the real and only beginning for any type of progress in all walks of life. Advanced countries, as has been affirmed by contemporary history, have started their progress from the gate of education. These countries always give education all the priorities in their policies, programs and strategies.</p> <p>Efforts to reform and develop education in Egypt took various forms: Holding conferences, meetings, issuing documents and inventing strategies, etc. However, there are still many defects and gaps that need to be filled. These shortcomings actually impede the process of the reformation and development of education. Therefore, it has become an obligation to reconsider the policies and strategies of that system as an inevitable step to develop and promote it. To achieve the objectives of promoting the educational system in Egypt by creating a competent graduate, the study sought the experiences of some foreign advanced countries.</p> <p>The descriptive approach has been used in this study to treat the data on a critical and analytical basis. The researcher has reached a number of important conclusions and lessons. Experiences of the advanced countries in the field of education clearly indicate that: 1-The minister of education should not be the only person to demarcate the educational policy; 2- education should be given a comprehensive outlook; 3- human and financial potentials should be always available; 4- societal participation and contribution by the experts, teachers, consultants, and administrative offices should be guaranteed. Accordingly, the educational policy will surely be entrusted to those who are able to carry it out successfully and in an integrated way. This ensures the reformation and development of the educational system in Egypt.</p> Amal Saudi Copyright (c) 2020 Amal Saudi 2020-01-31 2020-01-31 11 22 30 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8595 Didactic Strategy to Introduce the Concept of Punctual Continuity with Pre-University Students <p>This paper describes a didactic strategy to introduce the concept of continuous function in pre-university students, based on functions defined in pieces. The theoretical-methodological elements that made possible the exploration design fall in the records of semiotic representation, the formation, and definition of concepts and in the didactic functions of the class. As a result of the experimentation, it was found that the didactic strategy favored in the students the identification of the conditions that guarantee the continuity of a function in a point and under this scheme the step to the classical definition.</p> Armando Morales Angie Damian Mojica Copyright (c) 2020 Armando Morales, Angie Damian Mojica 2020-01-30 2020-01-30 11 7 21 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8625 Questions for Vocational Training in Hospitality and Tourism in Australia <p>This paper outlines some of the dilemmas of turning graduates from vocational education and training courses into industry-ready employees.&nbsp; It raises a number of questions that are ripe for action research with the context of the Boyer model of scholarship.</p> Anthony G. Shannon Farzan Contractor Copyright (c) 2020 Anthony G Shannon, Farzan Contractor 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 11 1 6 10.24297/ijrem.v11i.8550